The Start-up of Tokamaks and the Tokamak Start-up

  • D. Palumbo
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS)


Since I’m not a native speaker of English, I had to look for the exact meaning of “to start up” in a Dictionary. Webster’s new Twentieth Century Dictionary gives two meanings: (1) “to come into being”, and (2) “to cause (something) to begin running”. In the present case the topic of this meeting could be interpreted either as the startup of tokamaks or the startup of the discharge in a tokamak. I assume that the other speakers will take care of the second meaning so I will start with the first. I want to talk about things which, I believe, are not totally well known to this audience and which I hope will be of some interest to you.


Magnetic Surface Toroidal Field Poloidal Field Thermonuclear Fusion Joint Construction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [1]
    D. Willson, “A European Experiment” Adam Hilger 1981, p. 102Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    D. Palumbo, Il Nuovo Cimento, X53B (1968) 507Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    D. Palumbo, in “Instabilities and Confinement in Toroidal Plasmas”, Varenna 1971 (EUR 5064 E) p. 91Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    V.D. Shafranov and L.E. Zakharov, Nucl. Fusion 12 (1972) 599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Palumbo
    • 1
  1. 1.Commission European CommunityBrusselsBelgium

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