The Typification and Citation of the Generic Name Penicillium

  • David L. Hawksworth
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 102)


The typification and citation of the generic name Penicillium is reviewed in the light of changes in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature made in 1981. The correct citation is now Penicillium Link, not “Link ex Gray” or “Fr.”; “Link:Fr.” can be used to indicate its sanctioned status but this form is unnecessary for general use. The species name Penicillium expansum can be attributed to “Link” alone, and is acceptable as lectotype for the generic name. The name P. crustaceum must now be attributed to “(L.)Fr.” and does not affect the use of P. expansum as it is not conspecific (or congeneric) with that species. The need for conservation and the debate as to the name of the type species have both been avoided as a result of the changes enacted in the Code.


International Code Special Committee Botanical Nomenclature Nomenclatural Type Author Citation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Hawksworth
    • 1
  1. 1.Commonwealth Mycological InstituteKew, SurreyUK

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