Social and Cultural Pathology

  • Maurice Lipsedge
  • Roland Littlewood


Young black people in Britain are generally considered to have a high level of social marginality: unemployment, poor housing or homelessness, educational failure and crime.


Black Family Poor Housing Slum Dweller Crowd Behaviour Social Marginality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Littlewood, R. and Lipsedge, M.S.: “Aliens and Alienists” Pelikan (1982)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    British Association of Social Workers: “Social Work in Multi-Cultural Britain” (1982)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Taylor, W.: “Probation and Aftercare in a Multi-Racial Society”, Commission for Racial Equality & the West Midlands County Probation and Aftercare Service (1981)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cross, M.:The Manufacture of Marginality in Cashmore, Ernest & Troyna, Barry ‘Black Youth in Crisis’, George, Allan & Unwin(1982)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Maddison, S.C.: “Mindless Militants? Psychiatry and the University” Politics & Deviance, Taylor I.& Taylor L.,Penguin (1973)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brent Community Health Council:”Black People and the Health Service”(1981)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Central Council of Probation Committees: “Probation: Multi-racial Approach” (1983)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McDonald, M.: “Not by the Colour of their Skin”, N.Y. International Universities Press (1970)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moynihan, D.P.: “The Negro Family”, Washington DC, U.S.Department of Labour (1965)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tenhouten, W.D.:”The Black Family-Myth and Reality”, Psychiatry, 33: 145–173 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ratcliffe, P.: “Racism & Reaction”, Routledge & Kegan Paul (1981)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cashmore, E.: “Rastaman”, George Allen & Unwin (1979)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cashmore E. and Troyna, B.:”Black Youth in Crisis”, George Allan & Unwin (1982)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lobo, E.: “Children of Immigrants to Britain-Their Health and Social Problems”, Hodder & Stoughton (1978)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Le Bon, G.: “The Crowd”, NY McMillan (1947)(1895)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hobsbawn, J.:”Primitive Rebels”, Manchester University Press(1959)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sears, D.O. & McConahay, J.B.: “Breadth of Riot Participation in the Curfew Zone”/Cohen,N.:”The Los Angeles Riots,NY Praeger (1970)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Crawford, J.: “Black Leader Attacks Social Workers”, Daily Telegraph 22. April (1981)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kerridge, R.: “Myths that poison the minds of British Blacks” Daily Mail, I. July (1983)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Roman, P.M.: “Alternatives to the Médicalisation of Deviant Behaviour”, Psychiatry, 43: 168–1974 (1980)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mark, V.H., Sweet, W.H., and Ervin, F.R.:”Journal of American Medical Association” 201.:895 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hickmott, J.R.: ”The Essence of Violence” Police Journal, 56:15 (No 1) (January/March 1983)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sym, M.: ”Tutors and their Students-Advice from a Psychiatrist” Livingstone, Edin & London (2nd Ed.) pp 46–47 (1970)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goldin, G.B.: ”Violence-The Interpretation of Psychiatric & Social Concepts” Notre Dame Lawyer 40:508–516 (1965)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Reich, W.: ”Matérialisme dialectique, Matérialisme historique et Psychanalyse”, Editions la Plisee Molle, Paris,1970 pp 44–45(1934)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Baron, R. A. & Ransberger, V. M.:”Ambient Temperature and the Occurance of Collective Violence”, Journal of Personality & Social Psychology 36: 351–60 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Carlssmith, J.M. & Anderson, C.A.: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 37: 337–344 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bryce-Smith, D.: Daily Telegraph, 18.April (1981)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Horowitz, I. & Leibowitz, M.:”Social Problems” 15: 280–296 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cohen, S.:”Who are the Vandals?”, New Society 324: 872–878 (1968)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Home Office Research Study No.72 “Public Disorder” Home Office Publication (2.6.1982)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cloward, R. & Ohlin, L.:”Delinquency and Opportunity” New York Free Press (1960)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice Lipsedge
    • 1
  • Roland Littlewood
    • 1
  1. 1.Guy’s HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations