Dreams in Different Cultures

  • Kalle Achté
  • Taina Schakir


People the world over have dreams. Their origin and significance for the mental functioning of an individual are independent of culture but their content, themes and style are determined both individually and culturally (Giora et al, 1972). Dreams can therefore be studied on three different levels, depending on whether attention is focussed upon their latent content, which is said to manifest itself via universal symbols, or upon the role of the personality and life situation of the dreamer in their origination, or upon their cultural context.


Interpretation System Latent Content Cognitive Orientation Primitive Society Varied Enterprise 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kalle Achté
    • 1
  • Taina Schakir
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinki 18Finland

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