The Evolution of Therapeutic Communities

  • Stephen Fleck


Aside from isolated voices in the Greco-Roman period and such as John Weyer’s in the Middle Ages, history tells us almost nothing of systematic or planned humane treatment of the mentally ill until late in the 18th Century. The one exception in this void of care is the humane treatment accorded the mentally ill at Gheel in Belgium on religious grounds since the 14th Century. This, however, was foster-family care and not hospital- or institution-based. (1)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Fleck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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