The Rural Population

  • Cornelia F. Mutel
  • Kelley J. Donham


A physician establishes a new rural clinic. What kinds of people can be expected to walk in the door? Will patients differ significantly from those seen in an urban area? Will their health problems differ from those seen among urban populations? Will their cultural or economic characteristics significantly affect how they interact with the physician?


Health Care Service Rural Community Rural Population Rural Resident Rural County 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Beale CL (1978). Making a living in rural and smalltown America. Rural Dev Perspect 1:1–5Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bowles GK, Beale CL (1980). Commuting and migration status in nonmetro areas. Agric Econ Res 32:8–20Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coward RT (1980). Rural families changing but retain distinctiveness. Rural Dev Perspect 3:4–8Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beale CL (1981). Rural and Small Town Population Change, 1970–1980, US Department of Agriculture Bulletin ESS-5. Economics and Statistics ServiceGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vital Statistics of the United States, 1977, Vol 11, Mortality (Part B) (1980). US Department of Health and Human Services (PHS) 80–1102. Public Health Service, National Center for Health Statistics, 1980, Table 7–2Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Roemer MI (1976). Rural Health Care. CV Mosby, St. Louis, pp 67–69Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Acute Conditions: Incidence and Associated Disability, United States, July 1977-June 1978 (1978). National Health Survey, Vital Health and Statistics Series 10, No. 132, (PHS) 79–1560. US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, pp 5, 20–23Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Health Characteristics by Geographic Region, Large Metropolitan Areas, and Other Places of Residence, United States, 1973–74 (1977). Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 113, (PHS) 78–1540. US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, National Center for Health Statistics, p 14.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Health: United States, 1979 (1980). US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Bulletin (PHS) 80–1232. Public Health Service, Division of Analysis, pp 165, 166, 186, 199Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Accident Facts (1981). National Safety Council, 444 N. Michigan, Chicago, pp 23, 41, 79Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ahearn MC (1979). Health Care in Rural America, Agricultural Information Bull 428. US Department of Agriculture, Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Economic Development Division, pp 5, 6, 8, 17, 18, 20, 21, 26Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Copp JH (1976). Diversity of rural society and health needs. In Hassinger EW, Whiting LR (Eds). Rural Health Services: Organization, Delivery, and Use. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, pp 26–37Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hearings Before the Senate Special Committee on Aging, 97th Cong, 2nd sess (1982). Testimony of Calvin L. Beale, US Department of Agriculture, Older rural Americans: Demographic situation and trendsGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pomrehn PR, Wallace RB, Burmeister LF (1982). Ischemic heart disease mortality in Iowa farmers. JAMA 248:1073–1076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Burmeister LF (1981). Cancer mortality in Iowa farmers, 1971–78. JNCI 66:461–464Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Burmeister LF, Morgan DP (1982). Mortality in Iowa farmers and farm laborers, 1971–1978. JOM 24:898–900Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ahearn MC (1980). Health care needed for rural children. Rural Dev Perspect 3:26–31.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Newhouse JP, William AP, Bennett BW, et al (1982). Where have all the doctors gone? JAMA 247:2392–2396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schwartz WB, Newhouse JP, Bennett BW, et al (1980). The changing distribution of board-certified physicians. N Engl J Med 303:1032–1038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ostow M, Millman ML (1981). The demographic dimensions of health manpower policy. Public Health Rep 96:304–309Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Scheffler RM, Yoder SG, Weisfeld N, et al (1979). Physicians and new health practitioners: Issues for the 1980s. Inquiry 16:195–229Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Perry BG (1976). Transportation and communication as components of rural health care delivery. In Hassinger EW, Whiting LR (Eds). Rural Health Services: Organization, Delivery, and Use. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, pp 81–94Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Waller JA, Gettinger CE, Weiner MA (1974). Implementing rural emergency health service systems. JACEP May/June: 151–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Deavers KL, Brown DL (1979). Rural Development Background Paper: Social and Economic Trends in Rural America, prepared for the Domestic Policy Staff, The White House, US Department of Agriculture, Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Economic Development Division, pp 1, 3, 5, 10–12, 14, 17, 19Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Economic Development Division Staff (1978). Rural America in the seventies. Rural Dev Perspect 1:6–11Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Beale CL (1982). Rural America Today: Progress and Problems in Achieving Development Objectives, 1983 Agricultural Outlook Conference Session #28. US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Development Division, pp 4–5Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Fratoe FA (1978). Rural Education and Rural Labor Force in the Seventies, Rural Development Research Report 5. US Department of Agriculture, Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Economic Development Division, pp 6, 9, 12, 13, 19, 25, 32Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Health Care Coverage: United States, 1976 (1979). Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 44. US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, National Center for Health Statistics, pp 6, 8Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Social and Economic Characteristics of the Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Population: 1977 and 1970 (1978). Current Population Reports, Special Studies, P-23, #75. US Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, pp 20, 118Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Beale CL (1978). People on the land. In Ford TR (Ed). Rural USA: Persistence and Change. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, pp 37–54Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Brown DL (1981). A quarter century of trends and changes in the demographic structure of American families. In Coward RT, Smith WM Jr (Eds). The Family in Rural Society, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, pp 9–5Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Auerbach AJ (1976). The elderly in rural areas: Differences in urban areas and implications for practice. In Ginsberg LH (ed). Social Work in Rural Areas, Council on Social Work Education, New York, pp 99–108Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bowles GK (1978). Contributions of recent metro/nonmetro migrants to the nonmetro population and labor force. Agric Econ Res 30:15–21Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chapman B (1979). Farm women not immume to wife beating. Prairie Farmer June 16: 36–37Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Gentile N (1982). Battered women in rural communities. Rural Community Ment Health Newslett 9:3–4Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Greene SB, Salber EJ, Feldman JJ (1978). Distribution of illnesses and its implications in a rural community. Med Care 16:863–877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Donham KJ, Mutei CF (1982). Agricultural medicine: The missing component of the rural health movement. J Fam Pract 14:511–520Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Poma PA (1979). Impact of culture on health care: Hispanos. IMJ 156:451–458Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Hautman MA (1979). Folk health and illness beliefs. Nurse Pract 4:23, 26–27, 31, 34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hassinger EW (1976). Pathways of rural people to health services. In Hassin-ger EW, Whitting LR (Eds). Rural Health Services: Organization, Delivery, and Use. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, pp 164–187Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Murphree AH, Barrow MV (1972). Folk medicine in Florida. J Fla Med Assoc 59:33–36Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Coulehan JL (1980). Navajo Indian medicine: Implications for healing. J Fam Pract 10:55–61Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Martin M (1981). Native American medicine: Thoughts for post-traditional healers. JAMA 245:141–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Guidotti TL (1973). Health care for a rural minority: Lessons from the Modoc Indian country in California. Calif Med 118:98–104Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Lewis TH (1980). A Sioux medicine man describes his own illness and approaching death. Ann Intern Med 92:417–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Barton WPC (1817). Vegetable Materia Medica of the US; or Medical Botany, 2nd vol. M. Carey & Son; PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cornelia F. Mutel
    • 1
  • Kelley J. Donham
    • 1
  1. 1.Rural Health and Agricultural Medicine Training Program, Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, College of MedicineThe University of IowaIowa CityUSA

Personalised recommendations