The New Cosmos pp 219-412 | Cite as

Stellar Systems

Milky Way and Galaxies; Cosmogony and Cosmology
  • R. C. Smith
Part of the Heidelberg Science Library book series (HSL)


In the second and third decades of our century, there began a development of astronomy that in its significance does not rank behind the almost contemporaneous discoveries of relativity theory and quantum theory. The universe as a whole, the cosmos in its spatial structure and in its temporal evolution, became an object for exact scientific investigation. We pick up the thread of Section 10, and seek to follow the unfolding of the new ideas first in their historical association. At the same time this brief survey should facilitate the understanding of the detailed presentation, which we must arrange from the standpoint of the topics concerned.


Radio Source Globular Cluster Radio Galaxy Galactic Plane Dwarf Galaxy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Becker, W., and G. Contopoulos (eds.): The Spiral Structure of Our Galaxy (IAU Sympos. 38 ). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Blaauw. A., and M. Schmidt (eds.): Galactic Structure. (Vol. V of Stars and Stellar Systems,see above.)Google Scholar
  3. Bok, B. J., and P. F. Bok: The Milky Way. 4th edn. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1974.Google Scholar
  4. Kerr, F. J., and A. W. Rodgers (eds.): The Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds (IAU Sympos. 20). Canberra 1964.Google Scholar
  5. Woerden, H. van (ed.): Radioastronomy and the Galactic System (IAU Sympos. 31 ). London-New York: Academic Press 1967.Google Scholar
  6. The Structure and Evolution of Galaxies,Proc. 13th Solvay Conf. London-New York-Sydney: Interscience 1965.Google Scholar
  7. Aller, L. H.: Gaseous Nebulae. London: Chapman and Hall 1956.Google Scholar
  8. Dufay, J.: Galactic Nebulae and Interstellar Matter (English translation). London: Hutchinson 1957, and New York: Dover 1968.Google Scholar
  9. Gordon, M. A., and L. E. Snyder (eds.): Molecules in the Galactic Environment. New York: Wiley 1973.Google Scholar
  10. Kaplan, S. A., and S. B. Pikelner: The Interstellar Medium. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1970.Google Scholar
  11. Menzel, D. H. (ed.): Selected Papers on Physical Processes in Ionized Plasmas. New York: Dover Publ. 1962.Google Scholar
  12. Middlehurst, B., and L. H. Aller (eds.): Stars and Stellar Systems, Vol. 7: Nebulae and Interstellar Matter. The University of Chicago Press 1968.Google Scholar
  13. Osterbrock, D. E.: Astrophysics of Gaseous Nebulae. W. H. Freeman Co. 1974. Spitzer, L., Jr.: Diffuse Matter in Space. New York: Interscience 1968.Google Scholar
  14. Van de Hulst, H. C.: Light Scattering by Small Particles. New York: Wiley 1957.Google Scholar
  15. Wickramsinghe, N. C.: Interstellar Grains (The International Astrophysics Series, 9 ). London: Chapman and Hall 1967.Google Scholar
  16. Woltjer, L. (ed.): The Distribution and Motion of Interstellar Matter in Galaxies. New York: W. A. Benjamin Inc. 1962.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. Planetary Nebulae,IAU Symposium 34. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1968.Google Scholar
  18. Chandrasekhar, S.: An Introduction to the Study of Stellar Structure. The University of Chicago Press 1939, also New York: Dover 1957.Google Scholar
  19. Cox, J. P. (with R. T. Giuli): Principles of Stellar Structure. Vol. 1: Physical Principles. Vol. 2: Applications to Stars. New York-Paris-London: Gordon and Breach 1968.Google Scholar
  20. Eddington, A. S.: The Internal Constitution of the Stars. Cambridge University Press 1926, also New York: Dover 1959.Google Scholar
  21. Schwarzschild, M.: Structure and Evolution of the Stars. Princeton University Press 1958, also New York: Dover.Google Scholar
  22. Tayler, R. J.: The Stars—Their Structure and Evolution. London-Winchester: Wykeham Publ. (London) Ltd. 1970.Google Scholar
  23. Les Processus Nucléaires dans les Astres. Col. Internat. d’Astrophysique Liège 1953.Google Scholar
  24. Burbidge, E. M., G. R. Burbidge, W. A. Fowler, and F. Hoyle: Synthesis of the Elements in Stars, Rev. Mod. Phys. vol. 29, p. 547, 1957.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Burbidge, G. R.: Nuclear Astrophysics, Ann. Rev. Nuclear Science vol. 12, p. 507, 1963.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Burbidge, G. R., F. D. Kahn, R. Ebert, S. v. Hoerner, and St. Temesvary: Die Entstehung von Sternen durch Kondensation diffuser Materie. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. O’Connell, D. J. K. (ed.): Stellar Populations. Conf. Vatican Observ. 1958. Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  28. Stein, R. F., and A. G. W. Cameron (eds.): Stellar Evolution. New York: Plenum Press 1966.Google Scholar
  29. Struve, O.: Stellar Evolution, an Exploration from the Observatory. Princeton University Press 1950.Google Scholar
  30. Tayler, R. J., (ed.): Late Stages of Stellar Evolution (IAU Sympos. 66 ). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1974.Google Scholar
  31. Modèles d’Étoiles et Evolution Stellaire,Internat. Astrophysics Colloquium, Liège 1959.Google Scholar
  32. Évolution Stellaire avant la Sequence Principale,16th Internat. Astrophysics Colloquium, Liège 1970.Google Scholar
  33. Baade, W.: Evolution of Stars and Galaxies (Ed. C. Payne-Gaposchkin) Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1963, also MIT Press (paperback series) 1975.Google Scholar
  34. Bradt, H., and R. Giacconi (eds.): X- and Gamma-Ray Astronomy (IAU Sympos. 55 ). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1973.Google Scholar
  35. Burbidge, G., and E. M. Burbidge: Quasi-Stellar Objects. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman Co. 1967.Google Scholar
  36. Evans, D. S. (ed.): External Galaxies and Quasi-Stellar Objects (IAU Sympos. 44 ). Dordrecht: D Reidel Publ. Co. 1972.Google Scholar
  37. Ginzburg, V. L., and S. I. Syrovatskii: The Origin of Cosmic Rays. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1964.Google Scholar
  38. Ginzburg, V. L.: Elementary Processes in Cosmic Ray Astrophysics. New YorkLondon-Paris: Gordon and Breach 1969.Google Scholar
  39. Hey, J. S.: The Radio Universe. 2nd edn. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1975.Google Scholar
  40. Hodge, P. W.: Galaxies and Cosmology. New York: McGraw-Hill 1966.Google Scholar
  41. Hubble, E. P.: The Realm of the Nebulae. New Haven: Yale University Press 1936, also New York: Dover 1958.Google Scholar
  42. O’Connell, D. J. K. (ed.): Nuclei of Galaxies. Amsterdam-London: North Holland Publ. Co. 1971.Google Scholar
  43. Page, T.: Stars and Galaxies. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall 1962.Google Scholar
  44. Palmer, H. P., R. D. Davies, and M. I. Large (eds.): Radio Astronomy Today. Manchester University Press 1963.Google Scholar
  45. Payne-Gaposchkin, C.: Variable Stars and Galactic Structure. London: The Athlone Press 1954.Google Scholar
  46. Piddington, J. H.: Radio Astronomy. London: Hutchinson 1961.Google Scholar
  47. Sandage, A.: The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Publ. 618, 1961.Google Scholar
  48. Sandage, A., M. Sandage, and J. Kristian,: Galaxies and the Universe (vol. IX of Stars and Stellar Systems, see. Kristian,: Galaxies and the Universe (vol. IX of Stars and Stellar Systems, see “Handbooks.”) Chicago 1976Google Scholar
  49. Sandström, A. E.: Cosmic Ray Physics. Amsterdam: North-Holland 1965.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  50. Setti, G. (ed.): The Structure and Evolution of Galaxies. NATO Advanced Study Institute, 1974. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1975.Google Scholar
  51. De Vaucouleurs, G. and A.: Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies. Texas University Press 1964.Google Scholar
  52. Verschuur, G. L., and K. I. Kellermann (eds.): Galactic and Extra-Galactic Radio Astronomy. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer-Verlag 1974.Google Scholar
  53. Wolfendale, A. W.: Cosmic Rays. London: Lewnes 1963.Google Scholar
  54. Woltjer, L. (ed.): Galaxies and the Universe. New York-London: Columbia University Press 1968.Google Scholar
  55. The Formation and Dynamics of Galaxies (IAU Sympos. 58). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1974.Google Scholar
  56. The Structure and Evolution of Galaxies,Proc. 13th Solvay Conf., Brussels. London-New York-Sydney: Interscience 1965.Google Scholar
  57. Progress of Elementary Particle and Cosmic Ray Physics. (Annual publication since 1952.) Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  58. Bondi, H.: Cosmology. 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press 1960.Google Scholar
  59. Born, M.: Einstein’s Theory of Relativity (Revised edition with collaboration of G. Liebfried and W. Biem). New York: Dover 1962.Google Scholar
  60. Einstein, A.: Meaning of Relativity. 6th edn. London: Methuen 1960.Google Scholar
  61. Kundt, W.: Recent Progress in Cosmology, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, vol. 47, p. 11, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Landau, L. D., and E. M. Lifschitz: Course of Theoretical Physics. H. The Classical Theory of Fields. 2nd edn. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1962.Google Scholar
  63. McCrea, W. H.: Cosmology. Guernsey: F. Hodgson Ltd. 1969.Google Scholar
  64. McVittie, G. C.: General Relativity and Cosmology. The University of Illinois Press 1965.Google Scholar
  65. Misner, C. W., K. S. Thorne, and J. A. Wheeler: Gravitation. Reading: W. H. Freeman Co. 1974.Google Scholar
  66. Peebles, P. J. E.: Physical Cosmology. Princeton University Press 1971.Google Scholar
  67. Robertson, H. P.: Relativistic Cosmology, Rev. Mod. Physics vol. 5, p. 62, 1933.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Robertson, H. P., and T. W. Noonan: Relativity and Cosmology. Philadelphia London-Toronto: W. B. Saunders Co. 1968.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  69. Tolman, R. C.: Relativity, Thermodynamics, and Cosmology. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1934.Google Scholar
  70. Weinberg, S.: Gravitation and Cosmology. New York: Wiley 1972.Google Scholar
  71. Brancazio, P. J., and A. G. W. Cameron (eds.): The Origin and Evolution of Google Scholar
  72. Atmospheres and Oceans. New York-London-Sydney: Wiley 1963.Google Scholar
  73. Eigen, M.: Self-organization of Matter and the Evolution of Biological Macromolecules, Naturwiss. vol. 58, p. 465, 1971. (Also available as separate publication, Springer-Verlag Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1971.)Google Scholar
  74. Jastrow, R., and A. G. W. Cameron (eds.): Origin of the Solar System. New York-London: Academic Press 1963.Google Scholar
  75. Hanawalt, P. C., and R. H. Haynes, (eds.): The Chemical Basis of Life—an Introduction to Molecular and Cell Biology (a Scientific American book). W. H. Freeman and Co. 1973.Google Scholar
  76. Kuhn, H.: Entstehung des Lebens: Bildung von Molekülgesellschaften, Forschung ‘74. Frankfurt/M Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag 1974.Google Scholar
  77. Kuiper, G. P.: On the Origin of the Solar System. In Astrophysics. Ed. J. A. Hynek. New York-Toronto-London: McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1951.Google Scholar
  78. Monod, J.: Chance and Necessity (English translation). London: Collins 1972.Google Scholar
  79. Reeves, H. (ed.): On the Origin of the Solar System, Coll. du Centre Nat. de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 1972.Google Scholar
  80. Rutten, M. G.: The Origin of Life. Amsterdam-London-New York: Elsevier 1971. Urey, H. C.: The Planets, Their Origin and Development.Google Scholar
  81. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, also London: Oxford University Press 1952.Google Scholar
  82. Watson, J. D.: Molecular Biology of the Gene. 2nd edn. New York: Benjamin 1970.Google Scholar
  83. von Weizsäcker, C. F.: The History of Nature (English translation). London: Routledge and Kegan-Paul 1951.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics Building, Astronomy CentreUniversity of SussexFalmer, BrightonEngland

Personalised recommendations