Late Effects of Low Doses and Dose Rates

  • Herwig G. Paretzke
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 2)


Studies on the quantification of health hazards to man due to exposure by small doses of ionizing radiation delivered at low dose rates belong to the most difficult problems in radiation research. Sometimes this field is even associated with “parascience” because of the difficulties encountered in searching for any significant effect in this region. Whereas the lectures 5 and 7 by Silini put more emphazis on a description of the types of biological radiation effects and on the risk estimates actually used in practical radiological protection work, this lecture will put more weight on an outline of the spectrum of problems and approaches used in work on the derivation of quantitative prognoses of late effects in man of low doses and dose rates. Because of the wide scope of such risk analytic investigations, in one lecture it will only be possible to give you some impression of the complexity of this topic and of concepts to cope with it, rather than a thorough discussion of our present knowledge.


Dose Rate Late Effect Radiation Protection Standardize Mortality Ratio Radiation Risk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Coggle, J.E., and Peel, D.M., The relative effects of uniform and non-uniform external radiation on the induction of lung tumours in mice, 1978, in; “Proceedings of the Symposium on Late Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation”, IAEA/ STI/ PUB/489, p. 83–94, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  2. ICRP, Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, 1977, Report 26, Annals of the ICRP, Pergamon Press, Oxford, New York, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  3. ICRP, Problems Involved in Developing an Index of Harm, 1977, Report 27, Annals of the ICRP, Pergamon Press, Oxford, New York, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  4. Jacobi, W., and Paretzke, H.G., 1979. Gesundheitsschaden durch Strahlung, in: “Deutsche Risikostudie Kernkraftwerke”, Bundesministerium für Forschung und Technologie, Bonn, Verlag TÜV-RheinlandGoogle Scholar
  5. Mancuso, T., Stewart, A., and Kneale, G., 1977, Radiation Exposures of Hanford Workers Dying from Cancer and Other Causes, Health Physics, 33, 369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Marks, S., Gilbert, E.S., and Breitenstein, B.D., Cancer Mortality in Hanford Workers, 19 78, in: “Proceedings of the Symposium on Late Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation”, IAEA/STI/PUB/489, p. 369–386, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  7. Mayneord, R.V., and Clarke, R.H., 1975, Carcinogenesis and Radiation Risk: A Biomathematical Reconnaissance, Br. J. Radiol. Suppl. 12, Br. Inst. of Radiology, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, 1977, United Nations Publications, Sales No. E.77.IV.1, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herwig G. Paretzke
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für StrahlenschutzGSFNeuherbergFed.Rep.Germany

Personalised recommendations