Toxoplasmosis in Small Wild Mammals Occurring in Southern Poland

  • M. Dymon
  • J. Starzyk
  • E. Slowakiewicz
  • B. Pawlik

Abstract

In the present work the problem of the role played by small wild mammals in the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii, in nature has been discussed. The Sabin-Feldman dye test was applied in the examination of 2549 small wild mammals in Southern Poland. Positive results were obtained in 8.8% of the animals. Then, as a basis for biological tests, the sensitivity of 8 species of rodents to the development of infection caused by the virulent GM strain of Toxoplasma was determined. The authors concluded that all of the examined rodents were susceptible of infection but in varying degree. Furthermore, experiments to determine the period of survival and preservation of the pathogenic properties of Toxoplasma in carcasses of 3 rodent species have been carried out. The results indicated that the parasites of the virulent GM strain were able to cause development of the infection in white mice after having lived for 10 to 15 days in the carcasses of rodents which had died of toxoplasmosis and then were stored at 6 C. Based on our own investigations as well as those of others, the authors regard the small wild mammals, especially rodents, (besides carnivorous animals) as the main reservoir of Toxoplasma in nature. This conclusion takes into account the mass, cosmopolitan and synantropic character of these animals which permits easy transmission of this parasite.

Keywords

Rodent Species White Mouse Rodent Population Congenital Toxoplasmosis Pathogenic Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Die Autoren diskutieren das Problem der Rolle kleiner wilder Saugetiere in der Verbreitung des Parasiten Toxoplasma gondii in der Natur. Sie diskutieren diese Frage, gestutzt auf eigene sowie auf Untersuchungen anderer Autoren. Sie untersuchten, den farbigen Test con Sabin-Feldman anwendend, 2549 kleine wilde, in Sudpolen lebende Saugetiere. Positive Ergebnisse erreichten sie bie 8.8% der Untersuchten. Aufgrund durchgefuhrter biologischer Proben bezeichneten sie spater bei acht wilden Arten von Nagetieren ihre Empfindlichkeit auf die Infektionsentwicklung durch ansteckungsfâhigen Stamm GM des Parasiten T. Rondii. Sie stellten fest, dass alle untersuchten Nagetiere --wen auch im verschiedenen Grade-infektionsempfanglich sind. Ausserdem fuhrten sie Experimente uber die Bestimmung der Zeit des Uberlebens und des Erhaltene pathogener Eigenschaften der Parasiten T. Rondii in Rorper dreier der Toxoplasmose wegen verreckten wilden Nagetierarten durch. Aufgrund durchgefuhrter biologischer Proben wurder festgestellt dass die Parasiten des ansteckungsfahigen Stammes GM T.Rondii, im Stande waren, bei den weissen Mausen nach 15-tägigem Aufenthalt im Rorper der infolge der Toxoplasmose verreckten, in der Temperatur von +6°C verwahrten Nagetiere, die Entwicklung der Ansteckung noch veranlassen. Auf die Ergebnisse eigener Untersuchungen und anderer Autoren gestützt, sind sie der Meinung, dass als Hauptreservoir des Parasiten T. Rondii in der Natur--ausser den Raubtieren--kleine wilde Säugetiere, besonders die Nagetiere sind, deren Erscheinung nicht selten massenhaften, kosmopolitischen und synantropischen Charakter trägt, was die Expansion dieses Parasiten begünstigt.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Dymon
    • 1
  • J. Starzyk
    • 1
  • E. Slowakiewicz
    • 1
  • B. Pawlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Parasitology, Inst. MicrobiologyMedical AcademyKrakowPoland

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