Plaque Neutralization Test Reactors to Bluetongue and EHD Viruses in the Southeastern U.S.A.

  • F. C. Thomas
  • A. K. Prestwood


Serums from 670 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), 5 fallow deer (Dama dama), 22 cattle (Bos taurus), 3 sheep (Ovis aries), and 5 swine (Sus scrofa) collected in the southeastern United States and the U.S. Virgin Islands (St. Croix) from 1964 to 1972 were examined by plaque neutralization (PN) for reactors to bluetongue virus (BTV) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV). Among white-tailed deer, 55 (8%) reacted with BTV and 110 (16%) with EHDV. Four of 5 fallow deer had antibodies to BTV. Among cattle, 12 (54%) and 8 (36%) had antibodies to BTV and EHDV, respectively. Two of 3 sheep had titers to EHDV. Reactors to BTV or EHDV were not found among the swine tested. Of the total of 705 serums, 15 reacted to both EHD and BTV.


Fallow Deer Virgin Island Bluetongue Virus Hemorrhagic Disease Odocoileus Virginianus 
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Von 1964 bis 1972 wurde Serum von 670 Weisswedelhirschen (Odocoileus virginianus), 5 Damhirschen (Dama dama), 22 Rindern (Bos taurus), 3 Schafen (Ovis aries) und 5 Schweinen (Sus scrofa) im Südosten der USA und auf den Jungferninseln (St. Croix) gesammelt und mit Hilfe des Plaque-Neutralisationstestes (PN) auf Bluetongue virus (BTV) und Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) Reaktoren untersucht. Bei Weisswedelhirschen reagierten 55 (8%) auf BTV und 110 (16%) auf EHDV. Bei vier der fünf Damhirsche wurden BTV-Antikörper gefunden. Bei Rindern hatten 12 (54%) und 8 (36%) Antikörper gegen BTV bzw. EHDV. Zwei von drei Schafen hatten EHDV-Titer. Unter den untersuchten Schweinen wurden keine Reaktoren auf BTV oder EHDV festgestellt.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. C. Thomas
    • 1
  • A. K. Prestwood
    • 2
  1. 1.Animal Pathology Division, Health of Animals BranchAgriculture Canada, Animal Diseases Research Institute (E)OttawaCanada
  2. 2.Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study(SWDS) College of Veterinary Medicine, University of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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