Wildlife Rinderpest

  • G. R. Scott


Rinderpest once plagued the livestock of the Old-world and its ravages have been chronicalled for as long as written records have been kept. The contagious nature of the disease was recognised 2,000 years ago; Roman authors, for example, advised control by isolation, slaughter and burial.2 To-day, we can but add vaccination to the armamentary of control. Vaccination, nevertheless, is a powerful weapon and its widespread application in domestic livestock has steadily eroded the geographical boundaries of the disease; in the past decade, endemic rinderpest has disappeared from Kenya, Senegal and Uganda in Africa and from Nepal in Asia (Fig. 1). A sequel in East Africa has been population explosions among wildebeest and buffalo.19


Central African Republic Innate Resistance Domestic Cattle Erosive Phase Zebra Stripe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Cilli, V., V. Mazzaracchio and C. Roetti. 1951. Le foyer de peste bovine au Jardin Zoologique de Rome. Bull. Off. int. Epiz. 35: 444–451.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Curasson, G. 1932. La Peste Bovine. Vigot Freres, Paris.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gray, C. E. 1919. Rinderpest Campaign in East Africa. Final Report, Rinderpest Commission. Colonial Office, London.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heuschele, W. P. and T. L. Barber. 1966. Changes in certain blood components of rinderpest-infected cattle. Am. J. vet. Res. 27: 1001–1006.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hyslop, N. St. G. 1972. Observations on pathogenic organisms in the airborne state. Trop. anim. Hlth Prod. 4: 28–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Idnani, J. A. 1944. Transmission of rinderpest by expired air. Indian J. vet. Sci. 14: 216–220.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Magma, D. T. 1968. Relationships among measles, canine distemper and rinderpest viruses. Progr. med. Virol. 10: 160–193.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liess, B. and W. Plowright, 1964. Studies on the pathogenesis of rinderpest in experimental cattle. I. Correlation of clinical signs, viraemia and virus excretion by various routes. J. Hyg., Camb. 62: 81–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lowe, H. J. 1942. Rinderpest in Tanganyika Territory. Emp. J. exp. Agric. 10: 189–202.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Okuna, N. and M. M. Rweyemamu. 1974. Observations on the development of serum neutralizing antibody in rinderpest infection. Bull. epiz. Dis. Afr. 22: 185–194.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Penhale, W. J. and I. A. Pow. 1970. The immunodepressive effect of rinderpest virus. Clin. exp. Immunol. 6: 627–632.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Plowright, W. 1965. Symposium: the smallest stowaways. III. Rinderpest. Vet. Rec. 77: 1431–1438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ramachandran, S. 1970. Aspects of the serological relationships between measles, rinderpest and canine distemper. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ramani, K. 1972. Cited by D. K. Ray and D. P. Samanta. 1974.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ray, D. K. and D. P. Samanta. 1974. A syndrome simulating rinderpest among captive wild animals at Calcutta zoo. Indian vet. J. 51: 199–202.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Scott, G. R. 1964. Rinderpest. Adv. vet. Sci. 9: 113–224.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Scott, G. R. 1968. Report of the UNDP (Special Fund) Mission to the Central African Republic on an Epizootic Disease of Wildlife. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Scott, G. R. 1970. Rinderpest. Pp. 20–35 in J. W. Davis, L. H. Karstad and D. O. Trainer, eds. Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals. Iowa State University Press, Ames.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sinclair, A. R. E. 1973. Population increases of buffalo and wildebeest in the Serengeti. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 11: 92–107.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Taylor, W. P., W. Plowright, R. Pillinger, C. S. Rampton and R. F. Staple. 1965. Studies on the pathogenesis of rinderpest in experimental cattle. IV. Proliferation of the virus following contact infection. J. Hyg., Camb. 63: 497–506.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Thal, J. A. 1972. Les Maladies Similaires â la Peste Bovine, Etudes et Lutte, Ndélé, Republic Centrafricaine. Enquete sur La Peste Bovine et les Maladies Similaires. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Underwood, B. and F. Brown. 1974. Physico-chemical characterisation of rinderpest virus. Med. Microbiol. Immunol. 160: 125–132.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. R. Scott
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Edinburgh Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine RoslinMidlothianUK

Personalised recommendations