The Natural History of Type-A Influenza Viruses and Wild Waterfowl

  • R. D. Slemons
  • B. C. Easterday

Abstract

In the last few years during the fall migration type-A influenza viruses have frequently been isolated from migratory ducks and geese in the Northern hemisphere. The high percent of ducks with recoverable virus and strain variation in these isolants is surprising when compared to epizootic information available on influenza in domestic birds.

Information needed to piece together the natural history of influenza in migratory water birds is lacking and the influence these viruses have on mortaltiy and survival in bird populations at various locations is unknown.

The role of wild birds in the introduction and dissemination of type-A influenza virus to domestic avian populations and in the natural history of human influenza remains to be determined.

Keywords

Influenza Virus Newcastle Disease Virus Wild Bird Allantoic Fluid Cloacal Swab 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

In den Vergangenen Jahren um die Herbst einwanderungs Zeit im Nordpolarkreis, wurde öfters die Gruppe A Influenza aus Enten und Gänsen isoliert. Der hohe Protzent von Enten mit wieder herstellbarem Virus und der Abstammungs Unterschied ist überraschend wenn Vergleichend mit Viehseuche Information der einheimischen-Vögel.

Auskunft für die zusammensetzung über die natürliche historische Influenza Gruppe in einwandernden Wasser-Vögel fehlt. Sterbe und Lebens unterschied der Vögel-Bevölkerung in verschiedenen Orten ist nicht bekannt.

Der zusammenhang von wielden Vogeln, Einfuhrung, und vertellung der Gruppe A Influenza Virus mit Vergleichung von einheimische Menshen-Influenza ist noch nicht bestimmt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    BAHL, A.K., B.S. POMEROY, B.C. EASTERDAY, and S. MANGUNDIMEDJO. 1975. Isolation of type-A influenza viruses from migratory waterfowl along the Mississippi flyway. J. Wildlife Dis. 11: 360–263.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    BAHL, A.K. Personal communication.Google Scholar
  3. BEARD, C.W. 1970. Demonstration of type-specific influenza antibody in mammalian and avian sera by immunodiffusion. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 42: 779–786.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    BECKER, W.B. 1966. The isolation and classification of tern virus. Influenza virus A/tern/South Africa/1961. J. Hyg., Camb. 64: 309–320.Google Scholar
  5. DASEN, C.A. and W.O. LAVER. 1970. Antibodies to influenza viruses (including the human A2/Asian/57 strain) in sera from Australian sheerwater (Paffinus pacificus).Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 42: 885–889.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    DOWNIE, J.C. and W.G. LAVER. 1973. Isolation of type-A influenza virus from an Australian pelagic bird. Virol. 51: 259–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    EASTERDAY, B.C., D.O. TRAINER, B. TUMOVA, and H.G. PEREIRA. 1968. Evidence of infection with influenza viruses in migratory waterfowl. Nature, 219: 523–524.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    HWANG, J., F.S. KIEF, C.W. MILLER, and E.T. NALLINSON. 1970. An epornitic of type-A influenza virus infection in ducks. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 157: 2106–2108.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    LANG, G., A.E. FERGUSON, M.C. CONNELL, and C.G. WILLS. 1965. Isolation of an unidentified hemagglutinating virus from the respiratory tract of turkeys. Avian Dis. 9: 495–504.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. LAVER, W.G. and R.G. WEBSTER. 1972. Antibodies to human influenza virus neuraminidase (the A/Asian/57 H2Na strain) in sera from Australian pelagic birds. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 47: 535–541.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    LVOV, D.K. 1975. The study of ecology of influenza viruses in the Western part of the Pacific region. (A summary). 13th Pacific Science Congress. Vancouver, B.C. Canada 1975.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ROSENBERGER, J.K., W.C. KRAUSS, and R.D. SLEMONS. 1974. Isolation of Newcastle disease and type-A influenza viruses from migratory waterfowl in the Atlantic flyway. Avian Dis. 18: 610–613.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ROWAN, M.K. 1961. Mass mortality amongst European Common Terns in South Africa in April-May. Br. Birds, 55: 103–114.Google Scholar
  14. SLEMONS, R.D. and B.C. EASTERDAY. 1972. Host response differences among 5 avian species to an influenza virusA/turkey/Ontario/7732/66 (Hav 5 N?). Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 47: 521–525.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    SLEMONS, R.C., D.C. JOHNSON, J.S. ORSBORN, F. HAYES. 1974. Type-A influenza viruses isolated from wild free-flying ducks in California. Avian Dis. 18: 121–124. 4.Google Scholar
  16. SLEPUSKIN, A.N., T.U. PYSINA, F.K. GONSOVSKY, A.A. SAZONOV, V.A. ISACENKO, N.N. SOKOLOVA, V.M. POLIVANOV, D.K. LVOV, and L. JA. ZAKSTEL’SKAJA. 1972. Haemagglutination-inhibiting activity to type-A influenza viruses in the sera of wild birds from the far east of the USSR. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 47: 527–530.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    WELLS, R.J.J. 1963. An outbreak of fowl plaque in turkeys. Vet. Record. 75: 783–786.Google Scholar
  18. WINKLER, W.G., D.O. TRAINER, and B.C. EASTERDAY. 1972. Influenza in Canada Geese. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 47: 507–513.Google Scholar
  19. ZAKSTEL’SKAJA, L. JA., V.A. ISACENKO, N.G. OSIDZE, C.C. TIMOFEEVA, A.N. SLEPUSKIN, and N.N. SOKOLOVA. 1972. Some observations on the circulation of influenza viruses in domestic and wild birds. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 47: 497–501.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. D. Slemons
    • 1
  • B. C. Easterday
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations