Avian Reservoirs of Newcastle Disease

  • R. P. Hanson

Abstract

Newcastle disease is a major infection of poultry in most countries of the world. Among chickens it appears to be transmitted primarily by aerosol and consequently spreads rapidly through large flocks. Disease manifestations range from simple respiratory signs, to complications involving the nervous and digestive systems. Mortality varies from insignificant to one hundred percent and depends chiefly on strain of the virus.

A hypothesis that two reservoirs of Newcastle disease virus exist, a reservoir of the mild respiratory type in migratory waterfowl of the nearctic and a reservoir of the severe viscerotropic type in jungle birds of the tropics is presented and the evidence for the hypothesis discussed.

Keywords

Newcastle Disease Virus Newcastle Disease House Sparrow Virulent Virus Canada Goose 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Geflügelpest (Newcastle-Krankheit) ist ein Hauptinfektion im Geflügelzuchtbetrieb in meisten Ländern der Welt. Die Weiterverbreitung der Seuche unter Hühnern deuted auf zersträubte Flüssigkeit, (aerosol) wodurch es moglich ist die Seuche schnell zuverbreitern. Die Krankheittssymptome erzeugen von einfachen respiratorishe Störungen bis complekierte Nerven, und verdauungsstörung hin. Der Toten Prosentsatz schwangt von niedrig bis zu 100 Prozent, meistens liegt es an den Newcastle-Stämmen.

Ein Theory zeigt auf zwei behälter in Newcastle-Krankheit ein behälter von milder respiratorische sorte in migratory Wassergeflugel der Arctic und ein behälter von der starken vicerotropice sorte im Dschungel-Vogel der Tropic. Die Bedeutung der Theory wird besprochen.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. P. Hanson
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Veterinary Science & Bacteriology University of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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