Helminthic Diseases of North American Freshwater Fishes

  • W. A. Rogers


Diseases of North American freshwater fishes caused by members of the Digenea, Cestoda, Nematoda and Acanthocephala are discussed. Essentials of pathogenicity, prevention and control are given. Metacercarial stages (grubs) of Digenea are the most problematic of this group since there is no effective therapy. Few significant problems are caused by adult cestodes, however, pleurocercoids migrating through visceral organs produce lesions and can cause sexual sterility in adults or death in young fish. Tissue-inhabiting nematodes, primarily larval forms, are responsible for considerable damage in fish, while intestinal dwellers are generally thought to be only slightly pathogenic. The armed proboscis of acanthocephalans may cause localized damage to the intestine; adults of some species normally attached to the intestinal lining may penetrate the intestine and invade visceral organs. Intestinal dwellers can be controlled with antihelminthics but there is no therapy for the tissue-inhabiting forms.


Freshwater Fish Body Cavity Visceral Organ Smallmouth Bass White Grub 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Krankheiten der nordamerikanischen Susswasserfische, die durch Digenea, Cestoda, Nematoda and Acanthecephala verursacht werden, werden hier besprochen. Das Wesentliche von der Krankhaftigkeit, ihre Verhinderung und ihre Beherrschung, wird gegeben. Metacercariale Stufen (Larve) von Digenea sind die Problematischsten dieser Gruppe, da es dagegen keine wirkungsvolle Therapie gibt. Nur wenige Probleme von Bedutung werden von vollig entwickelte Cestoden verursacht, abet Pleurocercoide, die durch die Eingeweide hindurchgehen, erzeugen Verletzungen und konnen Unfruchtbarkeit in vollig entwickelten Fischen bewirken, oder sogar fur junge Fische todlich sein. Nematoden, die das Zellengewebe hemmen, meistens sind es Larvenformen, sind die Ursache fur viel Fischbeschadigung, aber die, die in den Eingeweiden vorhanden sind, werden nur als gering Krankheit verursachend betrachtet. Der bestachelte Russel der Acenthocephalanen kann das Gedarme hier und da beschadigen. Die vollig Entwickelten einiger Arten, die sich gewohnlich an die Gedarmbekleidung festmachen, donnen in das Gedarme kommen und in die Organe der Eingeweide eindringen. Die Bewohner des Gedarmes konnen durch Antihelmenthics Kontrolliert werden, aber es gibt kein Heilmittel fur die Arten, die das Zellengewebe bewohnen.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Rogers
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Fisheries and Allied AquaculturesAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA

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