Biological Properties of a Virus Isolated from Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon Idella Val.)

  • Winfried Ahne


A virus isolated from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) multiplied in cells from cyprinids and salmonids at a temperature between 4 and 28°C. The isolate was inactivated at pH 2 and pH 12 and by lipid solvents. Heat treatment (56°C, 120 min.) reduced infectivity. Electron microscopy revealed bullet shaped particles with a size of 70 × 120 (±10) nm.Neutralization tests showed that the isolate is not related to Rhabdovirus carpio (causing SVC) and to the 10/3 strain (associated with aerocystitis in carp). The virus was not pathogenic to common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Animal experiments with grass carp were not uniform in their results.


Virus Strain Common Carp Grass Carp Silver Carp Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Vom Grasfisch (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) wurde ein Virus isoliert. Das in Cypriniden- und Salmoniden-Zellkulturen bei 4 bis 28°C vermehrte Isolat erwies sich als sensitiv gegenüber pH 2, pH 12, Wärme (56°C, 120 Min.) und Chloroform. Elektronenoptisch wurden geschoßförmige Viruspartikel mit einer Größe von 70×120 (±10) nm ermittelt. Zwischen dem Isolat und Rhabdovirus carpio sowie dem 10/3 Virus-Stamm konnte keine serologische Verwandtschaft nachgewiesen werden. Das Isolat erwies sich als nicht pathogen für Karpfen (Cyprinus carpio L.). Infektionsversuche mit Grasfischen erbrachten unterschiedliche Resultate.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    AHNE, W. 1975. A Rhabdovirus Isolated from Grass Carp (Ctenoharyngodon idella Val.) Arch.Virol. 48: 181–185.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    BACHMANN, P.A. and W. AHNE. 1974. Biological Properties and Identification of the Agent Causing Swim Bladder Inflammation in Carp. Arch.ges.Virusforsch. 44: 261–269.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    KINKELIN de P., M. le BERRE et G. LENOIR. 1974. Rhabdovirus des poissons. I. propriétés in vitro du virus de la maladie rouge de l’alevin de brochet. Ann.Microbiol. 125 A: 93–111.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    KINKELIN de P. et M. le BERRE. 1974. Rhabdovirus des poissons. II. propriétés in vitro du virus de la virémie printainiere de la carpe. Ann. Microbiol. 125 A: 113–124.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    McALLISTER, P.E., J.L. FRYER and K.S. PILCHER. 1974. Further Characterization of Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus of Salmonid Fish ( Oregon Strain ). Arch.ges.Virusforsch. 44: 270–279.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Winfried Ahne
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Zoology and HydrobiologyUniversity of Munich8 München 22Germany

Personalised recommendations