Developing National Housing Strategies: Lessons Learned from Barbados, Jamaica, Jordan and Kenya

  • Raymond J. Struyk


The magnitude of the housing problems in developing countries is well-known in general and in the past few years they have been quite accurately documented in about twenty nations using the Housing Needs Assessment Model developed by the US AID Office of Housing and Urban Programs. A recent study estimates that developing countries as a group must produce about 45 million additional units of minimally acceptable quality each year in the years immediately ahead if they are to meet their housing needs. The rough estimate of the corresponding annual investment is $130 billion or about 5.8 per cent of their combined Gross National Product. Low-income countries, as defined by the World Bank, must produce two-thirds of the housing units at a cost of about $24 billion (Struyk, 1987, Annex E).


Lower Income Household Housing Program Senior Official Small Investor Housing Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Government of Barbados, 1986, “Barbados: The National Housing Plan, 1985–1989,” Housing Planning Unit, Ministry of Housing and Lands, draft, Barbados.Google Scholar
  2. Government of Jamaica, 1987, “Jamaica: National Shelter Sector Strategy Report,” author, Statement presented at the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless meetings, April 1987, Kingston.Google Scholar
  3. Government of Kenya, 1987, “National Housing Strategy for Kenya, 1987–2000,” Department of Housing, Ministry of Works, Housing and Physical Planning, Statement Presented at the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless Meetings, April 1987 Nairobi.Google Scholar
  4. Habitat, 1984, “Guidelines for the Preparation of Shelter Programs,” United Nations Centre for Human Settlements and the Ministry of Environment, Finland.Google Scholar
  5. Jones, E. B., and Turner, Margery, 1986, “Jamaica Shelter Strategy: Phase I Final Report,” The Urban Institute, Report to the Government of Jamaica and USIAD Office of Housing and Urban Programs, report 3666, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  6. Lujanen, M., 1986, “Spreadsheet Program for the Preparation of Shelter Programmes in Developing Countries,” Ministry of the Environment, draft, Helsinki.Google Scholar
  7. Struyk, R., 1987, “Assessing Housing Needs and Policy Alternatives in Developing Countries,” USAID, Office of Housing and Urban Programs, US Contribution to the International year of Shelter for the Homeless, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  8. Struyk, R., 1987a, Planner’s notebook: The housing needs assessment model, Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 53, No. 2: 227–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Struyk, R., and Nankman, P., 1986, “Developing a Housing Strategy for Kenya: Recent Housing Production, Market Development and Future Housing Needs,” The Urban Institute, Report to Government of Kenya, UN Centre for Human Settlements, and USAID Office of Housing and Urban Programs, paper 3660–1, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond J. Struyk
    • 1
  1. 1.The Urban InstituteUSA

Personalised recommendations