Mobilizing Development Expertise for Human Settlements Planning

  • Thomas L. Blair

Abstract

The urban planning and development problems of Third World nations in Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean are massive, urgent, and complex. Now, after a long saga of trial and error with state-centered, sectoral planning and ad hoc urban development projects, and in the face of declining public resources and eroding standards of living and high costs of housing, new goals have been established to create a strengthened urban public service with greater public participation. Briefly, these are:
  1. “1.

    Formulating national urban policies which define and harmonize at all levels of government the inter-related goals of economic and physical land use planning with social equity and better living and working conditions, particularly for the poorest communities.

     
  2. 2.

    Organizing, strengthening and coordinating public and private institutional, financial, legislative and administrative management systems for plan implementation.

     
  3. 3.

    Designing integrated affordable and implementable programs and projects which utilize the initiatives, resources and creative energies of local communities, individuals and nongovernmental organizations.

     
  4. 4.

    Creating broad education and training programs for policy makers, professionals, project personnel and community implementors.

     
  5. 5.

    Establishing appropriate and cost-effective national and international arrangements for technical cooperation, information transfer, and trade and aid which take into account the needs and priorities of urbanization in developing countries” (Blair, 1984).

     

Keywords

Human Settlement Foreign Student Planning Education Planning School American Planning Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Abrams, Charles, 1966, “Housing in the Modern World: Man’s Struggle for Shelter in an Urbanizing World,” Faber and Faber, London.Google Scholar
  2. Birch, Eugenie, and Salins, Peter, 1984, Book reviews, Journal of the American Planning Association, Autumn 1984: 526–27.Google Scholar
  3. Blair, Thomas. L., 1983, Viewpoint: World Bank urban lending: End of an era?, Cities, The International Quarterly on Urban Policy, Vol. 1, No. 2, November 1983.Google Scholar
  4. Blair, Thomas, L., ed., 1984, “Urban Innovation Abroad: Problem Cities in Search of Solutions,” Plenum Press, New York and London. Blair, Thomas, L., ed., 1985, “Strengthening Urban Management: International Perspectives and Issues,” Plenum Press: New York and London: 194–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Friedmann, John, 1969, Intention and reality: American planning overseas, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, Vol. 35: 187–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  10. University of Virginia, Resources for International Development, Blair, Thomas L., Chief Compiler 1988. A directory of information sources, relevant curricula, and leading specialists the University of Virginia and in the Charlottesville area. Copies are available from the Secretary, Division of Urban and Environmental Planning, School of Architecture, the University of Virginia, Campbell Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas L. Blair
    • 1
  1. 1.The Martin Centre for Architectural and Urban StudiesUniversity of CambridgeEngland

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