The Ob-Serving Computer

  • F. Lowenthal
  • B. Harmegnies

Abstract

Lowenthal (1978) defined, some years ago, what is now known as “Non-verbal communication devices” (NVCD). A detailed definition and a long discussion concerning the relevance of the concept NVCD can be found in another paper (Lowenthal, this volume). Since 1978, much research concerning the use of NVCDs by several kinds of subjects, has been led in the NVCD lab at the University of Mons. This research shows the importance of this kind of approach (Lowenthal, 1980, 1984). A new research trend has been recently described (Harmegnies and Lowenthal, 1984) which will enable us to extend previous research and to study aspects of NVCDs which were not studied before. In order to reach our aim, we will use new means and we will place our investigations in a framework differing from the one previously used. On the one hand, we will use computerized NVCDs with children: the computer will give (or “serve”) information; on the other hand we will focus on new research topics which could not be studied without having recourse to informatics: the computer will “observe” children.

Keywords

Test Problem Research Trend Untrained Subject Relevant Element Perceptive Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Antes, J.R., Edwards, D.C., 1973, Information processing in the visual periphery. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1, 351–253.Google Scholar
  2. Björkgvist, O., Computers analysis of cognitive processes in problem solving (personal communication).Google Scholar
  3. Cellerier, G., Papert, S., Voyat, G., 1968, Cybernétique et épistémologie, coll. Etudes d’épistémologie génétique (vol. 22 ), Paris, P.U.F.Google Scholar
  4. Cohors-Fresenborg, E., 1978, Learning problem solving by developing automata networks, R.P.A., 46 /47, 93–99.Google Scholar
  5. Gainer, C.A., Obermayer, R.W., 1964, Pilot eye fixations while flying selected manoeuvers using two instrument panels. Human Factors 6, 485–501.Google Scholar
  6. Harmegnies, B., 1979, L’étude des processus cognitifs via l’observation des mouvements oculaires; outils conceptuels et matériels (unpublished dissertation) Mons, UEMs.Google Scholar
  7. Harmegnies, B., Lowenthal, F., 1984, Dispositifs de communication non verbale et ordinateurs, grkg/Humankybernetik, 25, 3, 115–124.Google Scholar
  8. Krivolhavy, I., 1965, L’application des résultats de l’analyse algorithmique d’un système comprenant un élément humain à la construction des panneaux de réglage dans une usine électrique. Actes du IIIe. congrès de la S.E.L.F. Presses Universitaires de Bruxelles, 125–139.Google Scholar
  9. Leplat, J., 1960, Exploration visuelle et système de repérage. Bull C.E.R.P., 9.Google Scholar
  10. Levt-Schoen, A., 1972, Rapport entre mouvement des yeux et perception. In: Hecaen, H. (ed.): Neuro-psychologie de la perception visuelle, Paris, Masson, 72–92.Google Scholar
  11. Lowenthal, F., 1978, Logic of natural language and games at primary school. R.P.A., 46 /47, 133–140.Google Scholar
  12. Lowenthal, F., 1980, Language learning and logic. In: Archehold, W.F.; Driver, R.H.; Orton, A. and Wood-Robinson, C. (eds.): Cognitive Development Research in Science and Mathematics, Leeds, University of Leeds, 121–128.Google Scholar
  13. Lowenthal, F., Reflections about the relevance of non-verbal communication devices (in print in the proceedings of the third international conference on Language and Language Acquisition).Google Scholar
  14. Lowenthal, F., 1984, Productions langagières d’enfants manipulant un dispositif non-verbal de communication, R.P.A., 69, 11–46.Google Scholar
  15. Lowenthal, F., Non-verbal communication devices in language acquisition, R.P.A. (in print).Google Scholar
  16. Mackworth, N.H., 1964, Eye movements during vigilance. Perceptual and motor skills, 18, 2, 397–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Menu, J., Tourneur, Y, Harmegnies, B., 1978, Les démarches exploratoires au cours de la résolution des items du test d’arrangement d’images. Document SEMME 781. 015, Mons, UEMs.Google Scholar
  18. Montagner, H., 1978, L’enfant et la communication, Paris, Pernod-Stock.Google Scholar
  19. Newell, S., Simon, 1972, Human Problem Solving, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  20. Straight, S., 1980, Structural commonalities between comprehension and production, R.P.A., 55 /56, 313–316.Google Scholar
  21. Vandamme, F., 1982, Recognition and productions: two different skills in Language and Language Acquisitions, eds. Lowenthal, F., Vandamme, F., and Cordier, J.; Plenum Press, New York, 181–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Young, L., Sheena, D., 1975, Methods and designs, survey of eye movement recording methods. Behavior Research Methods and Experimentation 7,5, 197–429.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Lowenthal
    • 1
  • B. Harmegnies
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire NVCD Departement de phonétique et psychoacoustiqueUniversity of MonsBelgium

Personalised recommendations