North American Indian Languages

  • Herbert Landar


This checklist is based largely on contributions of the Bureau of Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, particularly the bibliographies edited by James C. Pilling, the Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (1907–10) edited by F. W. Hodge, and J. R. Swanton’s Indian Tribes of North America (1952). These works should be consulted as a first step in cases where the present checklist fails to solve a given problem of identification.


INDIAN Language North AMERICAN Commander Island Bear Lake Hood Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected References

  1. Adler, Fred W. 1961. A bibliographical checklist of Chimakuan, Kutenai, Ritwan, Salishan, and Wakashan linguistics. IJAL 27. 198–210.Google Scholar
  2. Bright, William, ed. 1964. Studies in Californian linguistics. UCPL 34.Google Scholar
  3. Bright, William, ed. 1967. Inventory of descriptive materials. HMAI 5. 9–62.Google Scholar
  4. Bright, William, and Jane Hill. 1967. The linguistic history of the Cupeno. Studies in southwestern ethnolinguistics, ed. by D. H. Hymes and W. E. Bittle, pp. 351–71. The Hague and Paris, Mouton.Google Scholar
  5. Callaghan, C.A. 1967. Miwok-Costanoan as a subfamily of Penutian. IJAL 33. 224–27.Google Scholar
  6. Chafe, Wallace L. 1962. Estimates regarding the present speakers of North American Indian languages. IJAL 28. 162–71.Google Scholar
  7. Chafe, Wallace L. 1965. Corrected estimates regarding speakers of Indian languages. IJAL 31. 345–46.Google Scholar
  8. Chafe, Wallace L. 1970. A semantically based sketch of Onondaga. IJAL 36/IUPAL 25.Google Scholar
  9. Elmendorf, William W. 1969. Geographic ordering, subgrouping, and Olympic Salish. IJAL 35. 220–25.Google Scholar
  10. Haas, Mary R. 1951. The Proto-Gulf word for water (with notes on Siouan- Yuchi). IJAL 17. 71–79.Google Scholar
  11. Haas, Mary R. 1960. Some genetic affiliations of Algonkian. Culture in history, ed. by S. Diamond, pp. 977–92. New York.Google Scholar
  12. Haas, Mary R. 1968. Notes on a Chipewyan dialect. IJAL 34. 165–75.Google Scholar
  13. Hammerich, L. L. 1970. The Eskimo language. The Nansen Memorial Lecture, October 10th, 1969. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo. Fridtjof Nansen Minneforelesninger VI. Oslo.Google Scholar
  14. Hodge, Frederick Webb, ed. 1907, 1910. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. BAE-B 30, Parts I and II. Republished by Rowman and Littlefield, New York, 1965.Google Scholar
  15. Holier, Harry. 1960. Athapaskan languages of the Pacific Coast. Culture in history, ed. by S. Diamond, pp. 960–76. New York.Google Scholar
  16. Hymes, Dell H. 1967. Interpretation of a Tonkawa paradigm. Studies in southwestern ethnolinguistics, ed. by D. Hymes and W. Bittle, pp. 264–78. The Hague and Paris, Mouton.Google Scholar
  17. Johnson, Frederick. 1940. The linguistic map of Mexico and Central America. The Maya and their neighbors, ed. by C. L. Hay et al., pp. 88–114. New York.Google Scholar
  18. Kroeber, A.L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. BAE-B 78. Republished by the California Book Co., Ltd., Berkeley, 1953.Google Scholar
  19. Lehmann, W. 1920. Zentral-Amerika. 2 vols. Berlin.Google Scholar
  20. Mason, J. Alden. 1940. The native languages of Middle America. The Maya and their neighbors, ed. by C. L. Hay et al., pp. 52–87. New York.Google Scholar
  21. Miller, Wick R. 1967. Uto-Aztecan cognate sets. UCPL 48.Google Scholar
  22. Orth, Donald J. 1967. Dictionary of Alaska place names. Geological Survey Professional Paper 567. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  23. Pilling, James Constantine. 1885. Proof-sheets of a bibliography of the languages of the North American Indians. Washington, D.C. Republished by Central Book Co., Inc., Brooklyn, N.Y., 1966.Google Scholar
  24. Pilling, James Constantine. 1887a. Bibliography of the Eskimo language. BAE-B 1.Google Scholar
  25. Pilling, James Constantine. 1887b. Bibliography of the Siouan languages. BAE-B 5.Google Scholar
  26. Pilling, James Constantine. 1888. Bibliography of the Iroquoian languages. BAE-B 6.Google Scholar
  27. Pilling, James Constantine. 1889. Bibliography of the Muskhogean languages. BAE-B 9.Google Scholar
  28. Pilling, James Constantine. 1891. Bibliography of the Algonquian languages. BAE-B 13. [Issued in February, 1892.]Google Scholar
  29. Pilling, James Constantine. 1892. Bibliography of the Athapascan languages. BAE-B 14.Google Scholar
  30. Pilling, James Constantine. 1893a. Bibliography of the Chinookan languages (including the Chinook Jargon). BAE-B 15.Google Scholar
  31. Pilling, James Constantine. 1893b. Bibliography of the Salishan languages. BAE-B 16.Google Scholar
  32. Pilling, James Constantine. 1894. Bibliography of the Wakashan languages. BAE-B 19.Google Scholar
  33. Powell, John W. 1891. Indian linguistic families of America north of Mexico. BAE-R 7. 1–142. [Issued in May or June, 1892.]Google Scholar
  34. Rivet, Paul, G. Stresser-Péan, and C. Loukotka. 1952. Les langues de l’Amérique. Les langues du monde, ed. by A. Meillet and Marcel Cohen, 2. 941–1097.Google Scholar
  35. Saxton, Dean and Lucille. 1969. Dictionary. Papago and Pima to English English to Papago and Pima, pp. 183–89. Tucson.Google Scholar
  36. Sebeok, Thomas A., ed., and Robert Lado, Norman A. Mcquown and Sol Saporta, assoc. eds., Yolanda Lastra, asst. ed. 1968. Current Trends in Linguistics 4: Ibero-American and Caribbean linguistics. The Hague and Paris, Mouton.Google Scholar
  37. Shipley, William. 1969. Proto-Takelman. IJAL 35. 226–30.Google Scholar
  38. Swanton, John R. 1952. The Indian tribes of North America. BAE—B 145. Republished by the Scholarly Press, Grosse Pointe, Mich., 1968.Google Scholar
  39. Thomas, Cyrus, and J. R. Swanton. 1911. Indian languages of Mexico and Central America and their geographical distribution. BAE—B 44.Google Scholar
  40. Voegelin, C. F., 1965. Languages of the world: Native America, fascicle two. AnL 7/7, part I, 1–150.Google Scholar
  41. Zisa, Charles A. 1970. American Indian languages; Classifications and list. Center for Applied Linguistics: ERIC Clearinghouse for Linguistics. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Landar

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations