Methodology of the Np237 Mössbauer Effect

  • W. L. Pillinger
  • J. A. Stone


A survey of the methodology and systematics of the Mössbauer Resonance of the 59.54-keV gamma ray in Np237 is presented. Nuclear properties pertinent to the analysis of hyperfine spectra are given. Chemical properties of neptunium are correlated with Experimental isomer shifts and quadrupole-coupling constants. Methods for the preparation of several useful sources and absorbers are given, and instrumentation is discussed. Some applications of the Np237 resonance include studies of bonding in neptunium compounds, observation of charge states after alpha decay, measurement of nuclear polarization, and determination of magnetic properties of neptunium-containing materials.


Isomer Shift Quadrupole Splitting Hyperfine Splitting Nuclear Polarization Velocity Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. A. Stone and W. L. Pillinger, Phys. Rev. Letters 13: 200 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. A. Stone, in: “Applications of the Mössbauer Effect in Chemistry and Solid State Physics,” Intern. At. Energy Agency, Tech. Rept. Ser. 50:179 (1966).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. K. Belling, J. M. Hollander, and B. Rose, Phys. Rev. 87: 670 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. O. Rasmussen, F. L. Canavan, and J. M. Hollander, phys. Rev. 107: 141 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Asaro, F. S. Stevens, J. M. Hollander, and I. Perlman, Phys, Rev. 117: 492 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C: M. Lederer, J. K. Poggenburg, F. Asaro, J. O. Rasmussen, and I. Perlman, Nucl. Phys. 84: 481 (1966).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Yamazaki and J. M. Hollander, Nucl. Phys. 84: 505 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. A. Stone and W. L. Pillinger, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 11: 474 (1966).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. D. Dunlap, G. M. Kalvius, S. L. Ruby, M. B. Broc y, and D. Cohen, Phys. Rev. 171: 316 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. A. Stone and W. L. Pillinger, Symp. Faraday Soc. 1: 77 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. ll. J. A. Stone and W. L. Pillinger, Phys. Rev. 165: 1319 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. L. Pillinger. and J. A. Stone, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13: 28 (1968)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Livingston and H. Zelder, Table of Eigenvalues for Pure Quadrupole Spectra, Spin 5/2, U.S. At. Energy Comm., Rept, ORNL-1913 (July, 1955 )Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. R. Gabriel, in: Mössbauer Effect Methodology Vol. 1, I..:;srt rrraan, Ed. (Plenum Press, New York, 1965 ), p. 121.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. R. Gabriel and S. L. Ruby, Nucl. Instr. Methods 36: 23 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. J. Katz and G. T. Seaborg, The Chemistry of the Actinides ( John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1957 ).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. A. Burney, E. K. Dukes, and H. J. Groh, in: “Progress in Nuclear Energy,” Series IX, Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 6, D. C. Stewart and H. A. Elion, Eds. (Pergamon Press, New York, 1966 ), p. 181.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. A. Shirley, Rev. Mod. Phys. 36: 399 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. B. Brodsky, private communication.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. Kankeleit, Rev. Sci. Instr,35:194 (1964); also, in: Mössbauer Effect Methodology,Vol. 1, I. J. Gruverman, Ed. (Plenum Press, New York, 1965), p, 47.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. A. Stone and W. L. Pillinger, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 11: 809 (1966).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Kalvius, B. Dunlap, S. Ruby, and M. Brodsky, Bull, Am. Phys, Soc 12: 25 (1967).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. W. Osborne and E. F. Westrum, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 21: 1884 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. W. Ross and D. J. Lam, J. Appl. Phys. 38:1451 ’(1967)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. E. Cox and B. C. Frazer, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 28: 1649 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. Heaton, M. H. Mueller, and J. M. Williams, J. Phys.Chem. Solids 28: 1651 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. D. Dunlap, G. M. Kalvius, D. J. Lam, and M. B. Brodsky, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.13: 28 (1968).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. Pillinger
    • 1
  • J. A. Stone
    • 1
  1. 1.Savannah River LaboratoryE. I. du Pont de Nemours and CompanyAikenUSA

Personalised recommendations