• Charles Wallace Collins


At the close of the Civil War the Republican Party found itself in full control of every branch of the Federal Government. That Party had become in a large degree the repository of the national spirit. It was preeminently the Union party, and to it was entrusted the sovereign power. The country had passed through a great crisis. The political theories of the South had been put to the test of the sword and were now discredited. Slavery was gone and the Southern States were subordinated to Federal authority. The Republican Party set itself to the stupendous and unparalleled task of reconstructing the Union along the lines of the political theories which had been vindicated by the outcome of the War.


Democratic Party Southern State Federal Court Republican Party Universal Jurisdiction 
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  1. 1.
    In this study we are concerned primarily with section one of the Amendment. Although as finally adopted it contained five sections, it was the first section that was possessed of great vitality and marked a new departure in the American political ideal. The other sections may have been better adapted to stump speeches and campaign thunder, but section one alone was of permanent importance.Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    Professor Dunning characterizes the two men as follows: As to Sumner,; “he was a perfect type of that narrow fanaticism which erudition and egotism combine to produce, and to which political crises alone give opportunity for actual achievement.” As to Stevens he writes, “Stevens, truculent, vindictive, and cynical, dominated the House of Representatives in the second session of this (the Thirty-ninth) Congress with even less opposition than in the first. A keen and relentlessly logical mind, an ever-ready gift of biting sarcasm and stinging repartee, and a total lack of scruple as to means in the pursuit of a legislative end, secured him an ascendency in the House which none of his party associates ever dreamed of disputing.” — Reconstruction — Political and Economic by W. A. Dunning in The American Nation,Vol. XXII, pp. 86–87. Edited by A. B. Hart.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    Blaine,Twenty Years of Congress, Vol. II, p. 309.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    Blaine, Twenty Years of Congress, pp. 309, 310.Google Scholar
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    Blaine, Twenty Years of Congress,pp. 309, 310.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    Acts and Resolutions, 41 Cong. 2 Sess., p. 95.Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    Acts and Resolutions, 41 Cong. 3 Sess., p. 45.Google Scholar
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    Acts and Resolutions, 41 Cong.,41 Cong. 1st Sess., p. 294.Google Scholar
  9. 1.
    Haynes, Sumner,p. 433. Sumner died March 11, 1874.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Wallace Collins
    • 1
  1. 1.USA

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