Immunomodulation by Small Molecular Weight Bacterial Products

  • Herman Friedman
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 166)

Abstract

Bacteria are widely recognized for their ability to modulate the immune response as well as stimulate natural defense mechanisms in a nonspecific manner (1, 2). There are many bacterial products which have been investigated in detail concerning their effects on host immunity. In this regard endotoxins derived from gram negative bacteria have been studied in much detail. There are a vast number of biological properties attributed to endotoxin, but their unique capacity to stimulate both immunologically specific and nonspecific host defense mechanisms is unquestionably an important property. In recent years many investigations have been concerned with the mechanisms whereby bacterial products, including the endotoxins, influence the immune response (1, 2). It is now apparent that many microbial cell wall components, including endotoxins, are potent stimulators of interleukin formation by macrophages and/or other lymphoid cells (3, 4). These interleukins undoubtedly serve an important role in modulating the immune response of other lymphoid cells.

Keywords

Antibody Response Spleen Cell Bacterial Product Small Molecular Weight Thymus Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Friedman, H., T. W. Klein, and A. Szentivanyi. 1981. Immunomodulation by bacteria and their products. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yamamura, Y., S. Kotani, I. Azuma, A. Koda, and T. Shiba. 1982. Immunomodulation by microbial products and related synthetic compounds. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Skidmore, B. J., J. M. Chiller, D. C. Morrison, and W. O. Weigle. 1971. J. Immunol. 114: 770–778.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Butler, R. C., and H. Friedman. 1983. Infect. Immun. 39:Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Butler, R. C., and H. Friedman. 1979. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 336: 446–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frank, S., S. Specter, A. Nowotny, and H. Friedman. 1977. J. Immunol. 119: 855–863.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Behling, U. H. and A. Nowotny. 1977. J. Immunol. Method 11: 55–73.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cunningham, A. J. and A. Szenberg. 1968. Immunol. 14: 599–600.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nowotny, A. 1963. J. Bacteriol. 85: 427–435.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nowotny, A. 1969. Bacteriol. Rev. 33: 72–98.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herman Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of South Florida College of MedicineTampaUSA

Personalised recommendations