Pavement Surface Texture Classification and Skid Resistance Photo-Interpretation

  • R. Schonfeld


The pavement surface texture classification method presented in this paper is based on the concept that the pavement surface is a geometrical structure which can be expressed by six parameters: height, width, angularity, distribution, harshness of projections above the matrix from which they arise and harshness of the matrix itself.

The need for surface texture classification stems from the fact that the highway engineer must manipulate the surface texture in order to control the pavement’s skid resistance. Texture classification is a means by which skid resistance measurements, tire wear and noise measurements can be related to identifiable pavement surfaces. Similarly, the mechanical engineer who is concerned with vehicle performance needs pavement surface data. Without this information, he cannot properly relate performance data of different vehicles or vehicle components to each other, nor can he relate the performance data of the vehicle on different surfaces.

Photo-interpretation of skid resistance is discussed. Like the texture analysis to which it is linked, photo-interpretation is the outcome of an empirical approach which resulted in a two-tier model of tire — pavement contact: on the upper level, supporting the tire directly, are the pavement surface projections; on the lower level, is the matrix which provides additional tire support to a degree dependent on height, distance between the asperities, and on tire construction.

Finally, the role of pavement texture classification in the surveillance of pavement slipperiness is discussed.


Surface Texture Texture Classification Texture Parameter Asphalt Pavement Pavement Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    B. E. Sabey G. N. Lupton, “Measurement of Road Surface Texturing Using Photogrammetry,” Road Research Laboratory, RRL Report LR57, Berkshire, England, 1967.Google Scholar
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    T. Holmes, G. Lees, and A. R. Williams, “A Combined Approach to the Optimization of Tyre and Pavement Interaction,” Presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, Miami, Florida, 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. A. Furbush and K. E. Styers, “The Relationship of Skid Resistance to Petrography of Aggregates,” Bureau of Materials, Testing and Research, Department of Transportation, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Schonfeld, “Photo-Interpretation of Skid Resistance”, Highway Research Record Number 311, pp. 11–35, Highway Research Board, Washington D.C., 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Schonfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.Ontario Ministry of Transportation and CommunicationsDownsviewCanada

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