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“Pressing Electricity”: A Hundred Years of Hall Effect in Crystalline Metals and Alloys

  • Colin M. Hurd

Abstract

The quotation in the title comes from Hall’s first paper (Hall 1879) where he proposed that a magnetic field applied to a current-carrying wire would generate “...a state of stress in the conductor, the electricity pressing...toward one side of the wire”. Although Hall was writing some years before the electron was identified, his intuitive view of “pressed” electricity was appropriate. The current in a conductor in a magnetic field is indeed under stress, for the electrons are forced against an inside face of the sample. The resulting concentration gradient of charge is the source of the electrostatic field that Hall and Rowland (see Miller 1976) observed.

Keywords

Fermi Surface Hall Effect Lorentz Force Open Orbit Itinerant Electron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin M. Hurd
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of ChemistryNational Research Council of CanadaOttawaCanada

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