Nutrtion, Environment and Mental Development — Special Reference to Infant Feeding, Growth and Evelopment in Northern Japan

  • Hiroshi Wako
  • Tomiji Hatakeyama
Part of the Nutrition and Food Science book series (NFS, volume 3)


The relationship between severe protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and mental development has been extensively studied during critical periods of development. This information is especially important in urbanized areas where mild to moderate PEM is not uncommon. Therefore we have decided to do our own field research in Northern Japan, where mild to moderate PEM is still common in remote rural areas. Considerably less is known about the impact of lesser levels of malnutrition on intellectual and behavioral development. This type of malnutrition occurs in the background of low socioeconomic status, reduced education, poor sanitary conditions, and is further complicated by recurrent infections.


Breast Milk Breast Feeding Infant Feeding Mental Development Behavioral Development 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Wako
    • 1
  • Tomiji Hatakeyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Peditc.Iwate Medical Univ, School of Med.MoriokaJapan

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