Nutritional Status, Physical Activity and Exercise Performance in Preschool Children

  • Anna Ferro-Luzzi
Part of the Nutrition and Food Science book series (NFS, volume 3)


In spite of the interest that the dynamic and reciprocal interelations between nutrition, physical activity, body composition and physical fitness have always evoked, their recognized public health relevance and hypothetical socio-economic importance, it is surprising how incomplete and often conflicting is still at present our knowledge of the mechanisms involved in their regulation.


Physical Activity Nutritional Status Preschool Child Physical Fitness Exercise Performance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Waterlow, J.C. and Stephen, J.M.L. The effect of low protein diets on the turnover rates of serum, liver and muscle proteins in the rat, measured by continuous infusion of L-(14) lysine. Clin. Sci. 35: 287–292 (1968).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Waterlow, J.C. and Alleyne, G.A.O. Protein malnutrition in children. Advances in knowledge in the last ten years. Adv. Protein Chem. 25: 117–227 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barac-Nieto, M., Spurr, G.B., Maksud, M.G. and Lotero, H. Aerobic work capacity in chronically undernourished adult males. J. Apl. Physiol. 44: 209–215 (1978).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gold, A. and Costello, L.C. Effects of semi-starvation on rat liver, kidney and heart mitochondrial function. J. Nutr. 105: 208–214 (1975).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Waterlow, J.C. Adaptation to low protein intakes. in: “Protein-calorie malnutrition”. R.E. Olson (ed.), Academic Press, New York, 1975, pp. 23–25.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    United Nations World Food Conference. Fd. Nutr. 1: 1–17 (1975).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ferro-Luzzi, A., Norgan, N.G. and Durnin, J.V.G.A. Food intake, its relationship to body weight and age, and its apparent nutritional adequacy in New Guinean children. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 28: 1443–1453 (1975).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ferro-Luzzi, A., Norgan, N.G. and Durnin, J.V.G.A. The nutritional status of some New Guinean children as assessed by anthropometric, biochemical and other indices. Ecology Food Nutr. 7: 115–128 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ferro-Luzzi, A., D’Amicis, A., Ferrini, A.M. and Maiale, G. Nutrition, environment and physical performance of preschool children in Italy. Biblthca Nutr. Dieta, 27: 85–106 (1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cotes, J.E., Anderson, H.R. and Patrick, J.M. Lung function and the response to exercise in New Guineans, role of genetic and environmental factors. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 268:349–361 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Norgan, N.G., Ferro-Luzzi, A. and Durnin, J.V.G.A. The energy and nutrient intake and the energy expenditure of 204 New Guinean adults. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 268: 309–348 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ferro-Luzzi, G. and Proja, M. Lo stato di nutrizione delle comuni-ta’ scolari Italiane. 9: Lo stato di nutrizione dei bambini delle elementari romane. Quad. Nutr. 22: 269–292 (1962).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mariani, A., Lancia, B., Migliaccio, P.A. and Sorrentino, D. Growth, nutritional status and food consumption of Roman school children. in: “Auxology: human growth in health and disorder”. A. Gedda and P. Parisi (eds.) Academic Press, London, 1978, pp. 49–61.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ferro-Luzzi, A., D’Amicis, A., Ferrini, A.M. and Maiale, G. Nutrition and growth performance in an Italian rural environment. in: “Auxology: human growth in health and disorder”. A. Gedda and P. Parisi (ed.), Academic Press, London 1978, pp. 199–205.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tagliacarne, G. “Il reddito prodotto nelle Provincie Italiene nel 1974 (e confronto col 1971/1972/1973)”. Quad, Sint. Econ., Angeli, Roma, 1975.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ferro-Luzzi, G. and Termine, L. Lo stato di nutrizione delle comunita’ scolari Italiene. 9: Lo stato di nutrizione degli scolari nella Provincia di Cosenza. Quad. Nutr. 23: 1–16 (1963).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Harrison, G.A. and Walsh, R.J. A discussion on human adaptability in a tropical ecosystem. An I.B.P. human biological investigation of two New Guinea Communities. Phil. Trans. Soc. Lond. B. 268: 221–400 (1974).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cermak, J. Möglichkeit der Wertung der Funktionstilchtigkeit des Kreislaufsystems der Schuljugend mil Hilfe der eigenen Modifikation der Step-Testes mit durchlaufender Messung der Pulsfrequenz. Schweiz. Z. Sportmed. 1: 1–8 (1969).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cermak, J. Cermakova, J., Zudova, Z., Cerna, M. and Tuma, S.T. Die Unterschiede in der Funktionstüchtigkeit des Kreislaufsystems von Schillern der Experimental-Schwimmklassen in Vergleich mit gleichalten keinen Sportreibenden Schillern. Schweiz. Z. Sportmed. 1: 9–19 (1969).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tanner., J.M., Whitehouse, R.M. and Takaishi, M.T. Standards for height, weight, height velocity and weight velocity in British children. Arch. Dis. Childh. 31; 454–471 and 613–635 (1966).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tanner, J.M. and Whitehouse, R.M. Revised standards for triceps and subscapular skinfold in british childre. Arch. Dis. Childh. 50: 142–145 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gurney, J.M. and Jelliffe, D.J. Arm anthropometry in nutritional assessment. Nomogram for rapid calculation os muscle circumference and cross-sectional muscle and fat areas. Am. J. clin. Nutr. 26: 912–915 (1973).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    FAO/Wí10 Energy and protein requirements. FAO Nutr. Meeting Rep. Series 52, Rome, 1973.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    FAO/WHO Energy and protein requirements. Recommendations by a joint FAO/WHO informal gathering of experts. Fd. Nutr. 2: 11–19 (1975).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Areskog, N.H. Short-time exercise and nutritional status in Ethiopian boys and young males. Acta Paediat. Scand. Suppl. 21 (1971).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Parizkova, J. and Merhautova, J. The comparison of somatic development, body composition and functional characteristics in Tunisian and Czech boys of 11 and 12 years. Hum. Biol. 42: 391–400 (1970).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Weitz, C.A. and Lahiri, S. Factors affecting the work capacity of native and migrant groups living in a jungle area of Nepal. Hum. Biol. 49: 91–108 (1974).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Borer, K.T. Weight regulation in hamsters and rats: Differences in the effect of exercise and neonatal nutrition. in: “Huger: Basic mechanisms and clinical implications.” D. Novin, W. Wyrwicka & G. Bray (eds.) Raven Press, New York, 1976.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Parizkova, J. and Poledne, R. Consequences of long-term hypokinesia as compared to mild exercise in lipid metabolism of the heart, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Europ. J. Appl. Physiol. 33: 331–338 (1975).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Parizkova, J. “Body fat and physical fitness.” M. Nijhoff B.V. Publ. The Hague, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Ferro-Luzzi
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of NutritionRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations