Iodine Deficiency and Maternal-Fetal Thyroid Relationship
The deficiency of iodine in the diet still represents a widespread serious problem of human malnutrition. The development of goiter whenever there exists iodine deficiency is the most documented phenomenun and a great number of studies on its pathophysiology have established that the goiter is a compensatory adaptation of the thyroid when the iodine supplementation becomes insufficient. Most important than this, however, is the association of endemic cretinism, an unquestionable geographic and epidemiologic commonplace observation.
KeywordsIodine Deficiency Endemic Goiter Iodine Supplementation Fetal Thyroid Compensatory Adaptation
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