Some New Results about Casting of Titanium in the Electron Beam Melting Furnace

  • H. Stephan


The properties of melting and casting of titanium in the electron beam furnace are described and discussed in several papers (1). In summary, the main advantages like superheating of the liquid metal stream, utilizing of cheap starting material like solid scrap, and the possibility to process in continuous type furnaces and therefore to achieve an optimum of economy regarding the product quality and material and processing costs are opposed by the disadvantages of the vacuum melting and casting process, especially the loss of alloy components like aluminum and tin in Ti-alloyd Ti6A14V and Ti5A112.5 Sn.


Beam Power Casting Speed Electron Beam Melting Electron Beam Power Beam Power Density 
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  1. C. Hayashi, S. Kashu, M. Kosaki, and H. Hiruta, Casting Titanium by Using an EBM Skull Furnace, Proc. 1. Int. Conf. of Electron and Ion Beam Science and Technology, 1965.Google Scholar
  2. H. Gruber, Schmelzen von Metallen mit Elektronenstrahlen, Zeitschrift f. Metallkunde 52, 1961, 291–309.Google Scholar
  3. W. Dietrich and H. Stephan, A New 260 kW Electron Beam Production Melting Multiple Gun Furnace and New Application of Electron Beam Melting, Proc. 4. Int. Vac. Cong., Manchester, 1968.Google Scholar
  4. H. Sperner, H. Stephan, and W. Dietrich, Investment Casting of Reactive Metals in the E. B. M. Furnace, Trans. Int. Vac. Met. Conf., 1968, 389–402.Google Scholar
  5. H. Stephan and W. Dietrich, New Application of Electron Beam Melting and Casting, Research and Development, April 1971, 44–49.Google Scholar
  6. H. Stephan, Economic Production of Ti Ingots and Cast Parts with the EB Technology, 2. Symposium on Nonferrous Metals, Sao Paolo, Brasil, 1971.Google Scholar
  7. H. Stephan and J. Hallemeier, Economic Production of Titanium Investment Castings in the Continuous Type Electron Beam Furnace, TMS Session, Detroit, Michigan, October 1971.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Stephan
    • 1
  1. 1.Leybold-Heraeus GmbH & Company HanauGermany

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