Critical Review

Winning and Refining


At the first International Conference on Titanium (London, 1968), there was no review paper describing the accomplishments and problems in winning and refining titanium. At the 1965 AIME Meeting in New York, however, in the Symposium on High Temperature Refractory Materials, T. A. Henrie (1) reviewed the extractive metallurgy, and D. H. Baker (2) discussed the electrorefining of titanium. In addition, R. S. Nycum (3) discussed in detail the economics and the utilization of titanium. Prior to that meeting, short historical reviews were published by M. Schofield (4) and V. A. Resnichenko (5). The purpose of the present paper is thus to summarize the technological developments of the past seven years related to titanium extraction, and to speculate briefly about the future direction of these developments.


Titanium Alloy Titanium Tetrachloride Titanium Metal Titanium Sponge Electrolytic Reduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hoch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical EngineeringUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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