Gustatory Avoidance Conditioning by Drugs of Abuse
The main reason that psychologists are interested in gustatory conditioning is because the phenomenon appears crucial to a comprehensive account of how organisms learn (Rozin and Kalat, 1971; Seligman, 1970). This interest, and examples of the contribution it has yielded, are amply evident elsewhere in this volume. One subarea in this general field has been circumscribed by a concern with psychoactive drugs and how they affect and control behavior. Although a grasp of conditioned gustatory aversion as an instance of complex adaptive behavior is necessary for this enterprise, what is paramount is a particular focus on a class of unconditioned stimuli, psychoactive drugs, and the properties that govern their pharmacological effectiveness as agents of conditioning. Consequently, we defer happily to our colleagues on the questions of learning as such in order to concentrate on more parochial matters.
KeywordsConditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Prior Exposure Psychoactive Drug Taste Aversion
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