Campylobacter Infections

  • David N. Taylor
  • Martin J. Blaser


Campylobacters are slender, spiral or curved, microaerophilic gram-negative rods that cause diarrheal and systemic illness in humans and a number of diseases in wild and domestic animals. Because of morphological similarity with vibrios, these organisms were originally classified as Vibrio fetus. (103,204) Campylobacter (Greek for“curved rod”) was proposed as a name of a new genus when it was found that these organisms differed in their biochemical characteristics from true members of the genus Vibrio. C. jejuni is now regarded as among the leading causes of diarrheal disease in humans. Other Campylobacter species that have been associated with diarrheal disease and are distinguished from C. jejuni by an inability to hydrolyze hippurate include C. coli, C. fetus subsp. fetus, C. laridis, C. fennelliae, C. cinaedi, C. hyointestinalis, and C. upsaliensis (Table 1). C. fetus also causes systemic infections in immunocompromised hosts.


Diarrheal Disease Enteric Pathogen Diarrheal Illness Waterborne Outbreak Acute Bacterial Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David N. Taylor
    • 1
  • Martin J. Blaser
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Bacterial DiseasesWalter Reed Army Institute of ResearchUSA
  2. 2.Division of Infectious DiseasesVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA

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