Salmonellosis: Nontyphoidal

  • Andrew T. Pavia
  • Robert V. Tauxe


Nontyphoidal salmonellosis refers to disease caused by any serotype of organisms in the genus Salmonella, other than Salmonella typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever (see Chapter 39). The most common manifestation of nontyphoidal salmonellosis is acute enterocolitis, but the organism can cause focal infection, bacteremia, meningitis, as well as&#x201Centeric fever&#x201C that may be clinically indistinguishable from that caused by S. typhi. Nontyphoidal salmonellosis is a disease of considerable clinical and public health importance. An estimated 2 to 4 million cases of salmonellosis occur each year in the United States, of which a small fraction are cultured and reported. The direct patient-care costs alone have been estimated to exceed $2 billion annually, but when one considers the added costs of plant closings, product recalls, and losses of food production, the true economic impact of salmonellosis is likely to be substantially greater. (25)


Typhoid Fever Isolation Rate Stool Culture Brilliant Green Outbreak Investigation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew T. Pavia
    • 1
  • Robert V. Tauxe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious DiseasesUniversity of Utah Medical CenterSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Enteric Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, Center for Infectious DiseasesCenters for Disease ControlAtlantaUSA

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