Nosocomial Bacterial Infections

  • Walter J. HierholzerJr.
  • Marcus J. Zervos


From the combination of Greek nosos (disease) with komein (to take care of) as nosokomeion (hospital) and through Latin nosocomium (hospital) comes the English nosocomial (pertaining to a hospital). Nosocomial infections, then, are infections that develop and are recognized in patients and personnel in health-care institutions. These infections are not present or incubating on admission, with the exception that a nosocomial infection may be present on admission if it is directly related to or is the residual of a previous admission. Certain nosocomial infections may not be clinically evident until after discharge. It is common to classify all other infections that fail to meet these criteria as “community-acquired” infections.


Infection Control Nosocomial Infection Surgical Wound Infection Postoperative Wound Infection Nosocomial Outbreak 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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12. Suggested Reading

  1. Bennett, J. V., and Brachman, P. S. (eds.), Hospital Infections, 2nd ed., Little, Brown, Boston, 1986.Google Scholar
  2. Wenzel, R. P. (ed.), Prevention and Control ofNosocomial Infections, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter J. HierholzerJr.
    • 1
  • Marcus J. Zervos
    • 2
  1. 1.Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection ControlYale-New Haven HospitalNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Division of Infectious DiseasesWilliam Beaumont HospitalRoyal OakUSA

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