Courtroom Techniques

  • Walter G. Robillard


After all phases of surveying, mapping, and other related activities are completed, individuals who are engaged in surveying and mapping sciences may find that their work is just commencing. Whether the individuals conducted a boundary survey, a building stakeout, or prepared a topographic or planimetric map, the product may be questioned by the client or by a third party who had no pecuniary interest in the original job. As a result, professionals may be embroiled in a legal action, either as a party or as a witness defending their work for the client or explaining their actions. In either situation, their professional qualifications and capabilities will be questioned and “hung out to air” for all to see and to evaluate.


Legal Action Personal Knowledge Direct Examination Expert Witness Federal Rule 
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  1. 1.
    Federal rules of civil procedure, Rule 3Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Black’s law dictionary (St. Paul, Minn.: West, 1968).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Barthold, Attorney’s guide to effective discovery techniques (N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1968), p.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibid., p. 88.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ibid., pp. 112–118.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Gelin, and D. W. Miller, The federal law of eminent domain (Charlottesville, Va.: Michie, (1982)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ibid., p. 371.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. W. McElhaney, Trial notebook (Chicago: American Bar Association, 1981), chap. 3.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. L. Bailey, The defense never rests ( New York: New American Library, 1971 ), p. 25.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. A. Givens, Advocacy ( Colorado Springs, Colo.: McGraw-Hill, 1980 ), p. 216.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. W. McElhaney, Trial notebook, p. 107.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Bailey, The defense never rests, p. 25.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Givens, Advocacy, p. 216.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    McElhaney, Trial notebook, p. 107.Google Scholar
  16. 16.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter G. Robillard

There are no affiliations available

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