Linear Measurements

  • Kenneth S. Curtis


Surveyors are fundamentally concerned with the measurement of horizontal and vertical distances and angles and, more recently, with direct positioning. These, then, are used in various combinations in traversing, triangulation, trilateration, mixed-mode operations, mapping, layout staking, leveling, etc.


Horizontal Distance Linear Measurement Planet Gear Vertical Angle National Geodetic Survey 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

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  • Kenneth S. Curtis

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