Compass Surveying

  • F. Henry Sipe


Compasses discussed in this chapter are devices used to determine direction, with a magnetized needle balanced on a pivot. The needle and pivot are housed in a box containing a circular ring divided into degrees and/or half-degrees. When a compass is held steady, and the needle swings freely, it points in a northerly-southerly direction, and the degree mark to which it points can be read on the circle.


Secular Variation Magnetic Bearing Vertical Angle National Geophysical Data Center National Geodetic Survey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Howe, H. H., and L. Hurwitz. 1964. Magnetic surveys, serial No. 718. National Geodetic Survey. 3rd ed. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  2. Kjellstrom, B. 1976. Be expert with map & compass. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Sipe, F. H. 1979. Compass land surveys. Philadelphia: Warren-Knight.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Henry Sipe

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations