Surveying is defined in the 1978 ASCE Manual No. 34: Definitions of Surveying and Associated Terms prepared by a joint committee of the ASCE and ACSM as “(1) The science and art of making all essential measurements in space to determine the relative positions and points and/or physical and cultural details above, on, or beneath the earth’s surface and to depict them in usable form, or to establish the position of points and/or details. Also, the actual making of a survey and recording and/or delineation of dimensions and details for subsequent use. (2) The acquiring and/or accumulation of qualitative information and quantitative data by observing, counting, classifying, and recording according to need.”1 Examples are traffic surveying and soil surveying.
KeywordsData Collector Field Note Total Station Court Case Record Measurement
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