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Practical Feeding—Tilapias

  • Chhorn Lim
Chapter

Abstract

Tilapias are endemic to Africa, but are presently found in most tropical and subtropical regions of the world. They have become a top priority fish for culture in the tropics because of their fast growth, efficient use of natural aquatic foods, propensity to consume a variety of supplemental feeds, herbivorous nature, resistance to diseases and handling, ease of reproduction in captivity, and tolerance to wide ranges of environmental conditions. Although indigenous to fresh water, tilapias are euryhaline and able to survive, grow, and some species even reproduce in seawater up to 40 mg/ml (ppt) salinity. Some of the cultured species have been shown to survive dissolved oxygen concentrations of 0.1 mg/L. They grow over a pH range of 5 to 11 and tolerate an unionized ammonia concentration of 2.4 mg/L. However, tilapias are not able to survive a water temperature below approximately 8° C to 12° C. Their activity and feeding become reduced below 20° C and feeding stops around 16°C.

Keywords

Soybean Meal Common Carp Grass Carp Fish Meal Natural Food 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

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  • Chhorn Lim

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