Feed Formulation and Processing

  • Tom Lovell


When fish are cultured in a system where natural foods are absent, such as trout raceways, or where natural foods make only a small contribution to the nutrition of the fish, as in intensively stocked catfish ponds, the feed should be nutritionally complete. However, where abundant natural food is available, supplemental feeds need not contain all of the essential nutrients. Nutritionally incomplete feeds are usually specific for a fish species or culture system; supplemental feeds for tilapia culture are discussed in chapter 8. This chapter discusses the formulation of nutritionally complete feeds.


Soybean Meal Fish Meal Channel Catfish Cottonseed Meal Free Gossypol 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Lovell
    • 1
  1. 1.Auburn UniversityUSA

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