Practical Feeding—Penaeid Shrimps
Demand for shrimp in the world market, especially in the industrialized countries, has increased considerably in recent years as the oceans have become a less reliable supply. The ocean fisheries for shrimp are at near maximum sustainable yield. Shrimp catch from the sea is unpredictable due to uncontrollable natural phenomena. Pollution and other human activities have disrupted the ecology of shrimp nursery grounds in many areas. Energy requirements for harvesting ocean shrimp is high; diesel fuel represents more than 50% of the total production cost. Therefore, the increase in world consumption of shrimp is likely to be dependent on increases in production through aquaculture. In 1986, pond-raised shrimp represented an estimated 6% to 8% of the world shrimp consumption.
KeywordsMaximum Sustainable Yield Penaeid Shrimp Shrimp Culture Crystalline Amino Acid Postlarval Stage
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