Practical Feeding—Penaeid Shrimps

  • Chhorn Lim
  • Amber Persyn


Demand for shrimp in the world market, especially in the industrialized countries, has increased considerably in recent years as the oceans have become a less reliable supply. The ocean fisheries for shrimp are at near maximum sustainable yield. Shrimp catch from the sea is unpredictable due to uncontrollable natural phenomena. Pollution and other human activities have disrupted the ecology of shrimp nursery grounds in many areas. Energy requirements for harvesting ocean shrimp is high; diesel fuel represents more than 50% of the total production cost. Therefore, the increase in world consumption of shrimp is likely to be dependent on increases in production through aquaculture. In 1986, pond-raised shrimp represented an estimated 6% to 8% of the world shrimp consumption.


Maximum Sustainable Yield Penaeid Shrimp Shrimp Culture Crystalline Amino Acid Postlarval Stage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ALAVA, V. R., and C. LIM. 1983. The quantitative dietary protein requirements of Penaeus monodon juveniles in a controlled environment. Aquaculture 30: 53–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ANDREWS, J. W., L. V. SICK, and G. J. BAPTIST. 1972. The influence of dietary protein and energy levels on growth and survival of penaeid shrimp. Aquaculture 1: 341–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. BAGES, M., and L. SLOANES. 1981. Effects of dietary protein and starch levels on growth and survival of Penaeus monodon (Fabricius) postlarvae. Aquaculture 25: 117–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. BALAZS, G. H., E. ROSS, and C. C. BROOKS. 1973. Preliminary studies on the preparation and feeding of crustacean diets. Aquaculture 2 (4): 369–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. COLOSO, R. M., and L. J. CRUZ. 1980. Preliminary studies in some aspects of amino acid biosynthesis in juveniles of Penaeus monodon Fabricius. Bul. Phil. Bioch. Soc. 3 (1 & 2): 12–22.Google Scholar
  6. COLVIN, P. M. 1976. Nutritional studies on penaeid prawns: Protein requirements in compounded diets for juvenile Penaeus indicus (Milne Edwards). Aquaculture 7: 315–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. COLVIN, L. B., and C. W. BRAND. 1977. The protein requirements of penaeid shrimp at various life-cycle stages in controlled environment systems. Proc. Ann. Workshop World Maricul. Soc. 8: 821–840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. COWEY, C. B., and J. R. M. FORSTER. 1971. The essential amino-acid requirements of the prawn, Palaemon serratus. The growth of prawns on diets containing proteins of different amino-acid compositions. Mar. Biol. 10: 77–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. DESHIMARU, O. 1982. Protein and amino acid nutrition of the prawn, Penaeus japonicus. Proceedings of the Second International Conference in Aquaculture Nutrition: Biochemical and Physiological Approaches to Shellfish Nutrition, 106122 October 17–19, 1981, Rehoboth Beach, DE.Google Scholar
  10. DESHIMARU, O., and K. SHIGUENO. 1972. Introduction to the artificial diet for prawn Penaeus japonicus. Aquaculture 1(1): 115–133.Google Scholar
  11. DESHIMARU, O., and K. KUROKI. 1974. Studies on a purified diet for prawn. I. Basal composition of diet. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 40 (4): 413–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. DESHIMARU, O., and K. KUROKI. 1976. Studies on a purified diet for prawn. VIII. Adequate dietary levels of ascorbic acid and inositol. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 42 (5): 571–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. DESHIMARU, O., and Y. YONE. 1978a. Optimum level of dietary protein for prawn. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 44 (12): 1395–1397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. DESHIMARU, O. and Y. YONE. 1978b. Requirement of prawn for dietary minerals. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 44 (8): 907–910.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. DESTAJO, W. H. 1979. Fish meal and shrimp meal as major protein sources for P. monodon Fab. juveniles. Master’s thesis, University of the Philippines System, Philippines.Google Scholar
  16. FENUCCI, J. L., A. L. LAWRENCE, and Z. P. Zein-Eldin. 1981. The effects of fatty acid and shrimp meal composition of prepared diets on growth of juvenile shrimp, Penaeus styiirostris. J. World Maricult. Soc. 12 (1): 315–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. FORSTER, J. R. M., and T. W. BEARD. 1973. Growth experiments with the prawn Palaemon serratus Pennant fed with fresh and compounded foods. Fish. Invest., London, Ser. 2, 27 (7): 1–16.Google Scholar
  18. JONES, D. A., A. KANAZAWA, and K. ONO. 1979. Studies on the nutritional requirements of the larval stages of Penaeus japonicus using microencapsulated diets. Marine Biology 54: 261–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. KANAZAWA, A. 1982. Penaeid nutrition. Proceedings of the Second International Conference in Aquaculture Nutrition: Biochemical and Physiological Approaches to Shellfish Nutrition, 87–105 October 27–29, 1981. Rehoboth Beach, DE. 87–105.Google Scholar
  20. KANAZAWA, A. 1985. Nutrition of penaeid prawns and shrimps. Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns/Shrimps. Iloilo City, Philippines, 1984. SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department: 123–130.Google Scholar
  21. KANAZAWA, A., and S. TESHIMA. 1981. Essential amino acids of the prawn. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 47 (10): 1375–1379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. KANAZAWA, A., S. TOKIWA, M. KAYAMA, and M. HIRATA. 1977. Essential fatty acids in the diet of prawn. I. Effects of linoleic and linolenic acids on growth. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 43 (9): 1111–1114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. LEE, D. L. 1971. Studies on the protein utilization related to growth in Penaeus monodon Fabricius. Aquaculture 1 (4): 1–13.Google Scholar
  24. LIGHTNER, D. V., L. B. COLVIN, C. BRAN, and D. A. DONALD. 1977. Black death, a disease syndrome of penaeid shrimp related to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid. Proc. Ann. Workshop World Maricul. 8: 611–624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. LIM, C., and F. P. PASCUAL. 1979. Nutrition and feeding of P. monodon in the Philippines. Proc. Techn. Consultation on Available Techn. in the Philippines, 162–164 February 8–11, 1979, SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines.Google Scholar
  26. MARTIN, B. J. 1980. Croissance et acides gras de la crevette Palaemon serratus (Crustacean, decapoda) nourrie avec des aliments composes contenant differentes proportions d’acide linoleique et linolenique. Aquaculture 19: 325–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. MORIARTY, D. J. W. 1977. Quantification of carbon, nitrogen and bacterial biomass in the food of some penaeid prawns. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 28: 113–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. SEDGWICK, R. W. 1979. Influence of dietary protein and energy on growth, food consumption and food conversion efficiency in Penaeus merquiensis de Man. A qua-culture 16: 7–30.Google Scholar
  29. SHEWBART, K. L., W. L. MIES, and P. D. LUDWIG. 1972. Identification and quantitative analysis of the amino acids present in protein of the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus. Mar. Biol. 16: 64–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. SHIGUENOX, K. 1975. Shrimp culture in Japan. Association for International Technical Promotion, Tokyo, Japan.Google Scholar
  31. SICK, L. V., and J. W. ANDREWS. 1973. The effect of selected dietary lipids, carbohydrates and proteins on the growth, survival and body composition of P. duorarum. Proc. Ann. Workshop World Maricul. 4: 263–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. TESHIMA, S., and A. KANAZAWA. 1984. Effects of protein, lipid and carbohydrate levels in purified diets on growth and survival rates of the prawn larvae. Bul. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 50 (10): 1709–1715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. ZEIN-ELDIN, Z. P., and J. CORLISS. 1976. The effect of protein levels and sources on growth of Penaeus aztecus. FAO Technical Conference on Aquaculture, Kyoto, Japan, 26 May-2 June 1976. FIR: AQ/Conf/76/E. 33: 1–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chhorn Lim
  • Amber Persyn

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations