One of the most fundamental human capabilities, perhaps the most fundamental, is the capability of recognizing differences. Its most primitive manifestation is the making of distinctions by human beings, as well depicted by Goguen and Varela [GO1]:

A distinction splits the world into two parts, “that” and “this,” or “environment” and “system,” or “us” and “them,” etc. One of the most fundamental of all human activities is the making of distinctions. Certainly, it is the most fundamental act of system theory, the very act of defining the system presently of interest, of distinguishing it from its environment.


Structure System Behavior System Replacement Procedure Generative Uncertainty Replacement Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • George J. Klir
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New York at BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA

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