Thyroid Disorders

  • Bill E. Beckwith
  • Don M. Tucker
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


Caleb Parry was the first to describe hyperfunction of the thyroid gland in 1825 when he attributed the disorder to traumatic fear (Whybrow & Ferrell, 1974). Graves, 10 years later, again suggested psychogenic origins of hyperthyroidism in his description of the illness in 1835. Finally, in 1886, Mobius clearly differentiated a hyperthyroid syndrome of endocrine origin from the neuroses. Gull characterized a syndrome of hypothyroidism in 1873, but it remained for a report by the Committee of the Clinical Society of London in 1888 to identify symptoms of mental disturbance. Most of the myxedematous patients described in this report had symptoms “ranging from irritability to agoraphobia to dementia and melancholia” (Whybrow & Ferrell, 1974, p. 6).


Thyroid Hormone Thyroid Gland Thyroid Function Congenital Hypothyroidism Thyroid Disorder 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bill E. Beckwith
    • 1
  • Don M. Tucker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA

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