Lakes pp 237-293 | Cite as

Saline Lakes

  • Hans P. Eugster
  • Lawrence A. Hardie


Most lakes are well flushed and the chemical constituents of their waters do not accumulate beyond the potable range. In unusual circumstances, however, the solute load may be increased and the lake then becomes saline. This is caused either by evaporation exceeding inflow or by the inflow being saline or both. Saline lakes are quite common in certain parts of the earth, but they have neither the size nor abundance of normal lakes. For this reason, few extensive studies have been made of such lakes and consequently their hydrologic, geochemical, sedimentological, and biological environments remain little explored. This is a pity, for saline lakes have much to teach us about processes under extreme conditions and, once we understand them, we will have greatly improved our understanding also of normal lakes. This paucity of studies is also surprising because saline lakes not only are of economic significance but are important in the geologic record as sensitive indicators of past tectonic and climatic events.


Saline Lake Great Salt Lake Magnesian Calcite Lake Brine Evaporative Concentration 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans P. Eugster
  • Lawrence A. Hardie

There are no affiliations available

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