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Heat Budgets of Lakes

  • Robert A. Ragotzkie


The heat budget of a lake can best be described as its integrated, thermal response to its external physical climate. Unlike oceans where large-scale advective processes play a major role in the heat exchange processes, lakes are individual entities, each responding slightly differently to its external climate. Viewed in this manner a lake can be considered as a recording climatic instrument. Properly calibrated, this natural climatic indicator can yield information about the climate of a region over periods ranging from a few days or a season to an entire year.


Snow Cover Shallow Lake Heat Storage Heat Budget Bowen Ratio 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Ragotzkie

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