Brucellosis (undulant fever, Mediterranean fever, Malta fever, Bang’s disease) is one of several zoonoses, a zoonosis being a disease of animals transmissible to man. The disease is caused by gramnegative bacilli species of the genus Brucella. There are several species that cause human infections as well as animal brucellosis: Br. abortus (cattle), Br. suis (hogs), Br. melitensis (goats, sheep), Br. canis (dogs), and Br. rangiferi tarandi (reindeer, caribou). Brucella ovis infects sheep and Br. neotomae is found in desert wood rats, but neither species appears to cause human disease. Pregnant animals often have placentitis, and hence they may abort. The mammary gland is frequently involved in infected mammals, and the organism is usually present in their milk. Acute brucellosis in man is characterized by irregular fever, chills, sweats, and weakness. Chronic human brucellosis is often marked by fever, weakness, anxiety, and depression.


Agglutination Test Fresh Milk Human Brucellosis Brucella Abortus Brucella Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendell H. Hall
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Infectious Disease SectionVeterans Administration Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Medicine and MicrobiologyUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

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