Audio transmission systems are the means by which audio signals are mixed, processed, and assigned to the desired output and monitoring channels. Today the term console generally refers to the familiar desk-like arrangement of controls. In the early days of electrical recording, rarely more than one or two microphones were used, and the signals were normally routed to a single output channel. (The terms “line out” and “output bus” are also used and refer to the main signal outputs of the system.) The system was simple, consisting of no more than a few volume controls, or faders, some kind of signal level metering, and a few switches for routing the program to the recording machines. Audio transmission systems used in the motion picture industry were more complex from their inception because of the need for recording dialogue, sound effects, and music at different times, ultimately mixing them into a single composite sound track.
KeywordsInput Module Channel Path Headphone Monitoring Recording Engineering Master Module
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.J. Borwick (ed.), Sound Recording Practtice, Oxford University Press, New York (1987)Google Scholar
- 2.J. Eargle, The Microphone Handbook, Elar, Plainview, N.Y. (1982).Google Scholar
- 3.J. Frayne and H. Wolfe, Sound Recording, Wiley, New York (1949).Google Scholar
- 4.W. Jung, IC OP-AMP Cookbook, H. Sams, Indianapolis (1974).Google Scholar
- 5.J. Woram, Sound Recording Handbook, H. Sams, Indianapolis (19891).Google Scholar
- 6.J. Woram and A. Kefauver, The New Recording Studio Handbook, Elar. Commack, N.Y. (1989).Google Scholar
- 7.Motion Picture Sound Engineering, prepared by the Research Council of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, D. Van Nostrand, New York (1938).Google Scholar