Industrial Implications of Crystal Quality
The semiconductor and electronic industry consumption of single crystals is approximately doubling each year, and now accounts for a half billion dollar industry. While most of this volume is due to the silicon industry, other materials such as bubble memory garnets, sapphire for silicon-on-sapphire devices, III–V, and opto-electronic crystals are becoming increasingly important. In view of this economic driving force, it is not surprising that a high degree of competition exists between vendors of crystals eager to take advantage of the boom in sales, and that crystal users try to take advantage of such competition in order to obtain better quality material.
KeywordsCrystal Quality Double Crystal Section Topography Anomalous Transmission Crystal User
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.A.D. Milne, “The Technical Importance of Growth Defects”, Chapter 2 this volumeGoogle Scholar
- 2.B.K. Tanner (1976) X-Ray Diffraction Topography, Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- 3.E.S. Meieran (1970) Siemens Review 37 Special Issue “X-ray and Electron Microscopy News”Google Scholar
- 4.A.R. Lang (1970) in Modern Diffraction and Imaging Techniques (ed. S. Amelinckx et al) North Holland Press p.407Google Scholar
- 5.A. Duncan (1952) Quality Control and Industrial Statistics, Richard D. Irwin, Inc. ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- 6.A.R. Lang (1958) J. Appl. Phys. 29 597; (1959) J. Appl. Phys. 30 1748Google Scholar
- 7.M.Hart (1963) Dynamic X-ray Diffraction in the Strain Fields of Individual Dislocations Ph.D. Thesis, Bristol University. See also selected bibliography in Refs 2 and 3Google Scholar
- 8.International Symposia on Silicon Material and Technology sponsored by the Electrochemical Society 1969, 1973, 1977Google Scholar
- 9.U. Bonse & M. Hart (1965) Appl Phys Letters 7 238 See also ref 3Google Scholar
- 10.G. Borrmann (1941) Z. Phys. 42 157 See also ref 3Google Scholar
- 11.J. Patel & B. Batterman (1963) J. Appl. Phys. 34 2716Google Scholar