Introductory Notes to Electron Spin Resonance Absorption Spectroscopy

  • S. A. Marshall
Part of the Optical Physics and Engineering book series (OPEG)


Electron spin resonance (ESR) absorption spectroscopy is that branch of radio-frequency spectroscopy which deals with the lowest-lying terms of systems having some degree of electronic angular momentum. This momentum may originate from the intrinsic spin, orbital motion, or both, of electrons. In either case, terms possessing angular momentum must necessarily be degenerate [1], and it is the removal of this degeneracy that forms the basis for ESR spectroscopy. Examples of systems having this ground-term degeneracy are: (1) most free atoms; (2) free-radical molecules and molecule-ions; (3) ions of the three transition series as well as those of the lanthanide and actinide series, the last two being characterized by partially filled inner electronic shells; (4) various species trapped in solids of which the alkali halide F-centers are examples; and finally, (5) conduction electrons.


Angular Momentum Electron Spin Resonance Orbital Angular Momentum Energy Operator Ground Term 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Marshall
    • 1
  1. 1.Argonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

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