Efficient Utilization of Woody Biomass: A Cellulose-Particleboard-Synfuels Model

  • Raymond A. Young
  • Suminar Achmadi
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 67)


For efficient utilization of woody biomass, systems must be developed which effectively utilize all components of the woody stem. Since cellulose is probably the most important chemical derivable from wood, we have emphasized schemes which produce cellulose pulp, but also include complete by-product recovery and waste product utilization.


Black Liquor Woody Biomass Kappa Number Residual Lignin Pulp Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aronovsky, S.I. and R.A. Gortner. 1936. Ind. Eng. Chem, 28, 1270.Google Scholar
  2. Baierl, K. 1979. Adsorber-Regenerator, U.S. Patent No. 4, 155, 849.Google Scholar
  3. Baierl, K., R.A. Young, N. Sell and A. Goldsby. 1981. Production of Synfuels from Waste Biomass Seminars, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, March 6 and October 6, Green Bay, Wisconsin.Google Scholar
  4. Biggs, W.A., J.T. Wise, W.R. Cook, W.H. Baxley, J.D. Robertson and J.E. Copenhaven. 1961. The Commercial Production of Acetic and Formic Acids from NSSC Black Liquor, Tappi, 44 (6), 385.Google Scholar
  5. Bowers, G.H. and G.C. April, 1977. Aqueous n-Butanol Delignification of Southern Yellow Pine, Tappi, 60 (8), 102.Google Scholar
  6. Data, R. 1981. Paper presented at the Third Symposium on Biotechnology in Energy Production and Conservation, May 12–15, Gatlinburg, Tennessee.Google Scholar
  7. Diebold, V.B., W.F. Cowan and J.K. Walsh. 1978. Solvent Pulping Process, U.S. Patent 4,100, 016.Google Scholar
  8. Forss, K. and A. Fuhrmann. 1976. KARATEX the Lignin Based Adhesive for Plywood, Particleboard and Fiberboard. Paperi Puu, 11, 817.Google Scholar
  9. Katzen, R., R. Fredrickson and B.F. Bush. 1980. The Alcohol Pulping and Recovery Process, Chem. Eng. Progress, February, p. 62.Google Scholar
  10. Kelley, S.S., R.A. Young, R.M. Rammon and R.H. Gillespie. 1982. Bond Formation by Wood Surface Reactions: Part III. Parameters Affecting the Bond Strength of Solid Wood Panel, Forest Prod. J., in press.Google Scholar
  11. Kelley, S.S., R.A. Young, R.M. Rammon and R.H. Gillespie. 1982a. Bond Formation by Wood Surface Reactions: Part IV. Analysis of Furfuryl Alcohol, Tannin and Maleic Anhyride Bridging Agents, J. Wood Chem. Technol., 2 (3), 317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kleinert, T. 1974. Organosolv Pulping with Aqueous Alcohol, Tappi, 57 (8), 99.Google Scholar
  13. Kleinert, T. 1975. Ethanol-Water Deliginification of Wood-Rate Constants and Activation Energy, Tappi, 58 (8), 170.Google Scholar
  14. Kleinert, T. 1971. U.S. Patent 2,037, 001.Google Scholar
  15. Kleinert, T. and K. Tayenthal. 1931. Z. Angew. Chem. 44, 788. Kleinert, T. and K. Tayenthal, 1932. U.S. Patent 1,856, 567.Google Scholar
  16. Myerly, R.C., M.O. Nicholson, R. Katzen and J.M. Taylor. 1981. The Forest Refinery, Chemtech, 11, 186.Google Scholar
  17. Paszner, L. and P.C. Chang. 1981. Canadian Patent 1, 100, 266.Google Scholar
  18. Rammon, R.M., S.S. Kelley, R.A. Young and R.A. Gillespie. 1982. BondFormation by Wood Surface Reactions: Part II. ChemicalGoogle Scholar
  19. Mechanisms of Nitric Acid Activation, J. Adhesion, in press. Rhydholm, S.A. 1965. Pulping Processes, Wiley-Interscience, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Sarkanen, K.V. 1980. Acid Catalyzed Delignification of Lignocellulosics in Organic Solvents, In: Progress in Biomass Conversion, Vol, 2, K. V. Sarkanen and D.A. Tillman, ed., Academic Press, New York; and private communication.Google Scholar
  21. Shen, K.C. and D.P.C. Fung. 1979. Aspen Particleboards bonded with Spent Sulfite Liquor Powder Treated with Sulfuric Acid, For. Prod. J., 29 (3), 34.Google Scholar
  22. Stofko, J. 1980. Bonding of Solid Lignocellulosic Material, U.S. Patent, 4,183, 997.Google Scholar
  23. Young, R.A. Ed. 1982. Introduction to Forest Science, John Wiley Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  24. Young, R.A., R.M. Rammon, S.S. Kelley and R.H. Gillespie. 1982. Bond Formation by Wood Surface Reactions: Part I. Surface Analysis by ESCA, Wood Sci., 14, 110.Google Scholar
  25. Young, R.A. and J.L. Davis. 1982. Thermochemical Fractionation and Liquefaction of Wood, Proceedings of the Conference on Fundamentals of Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, October 18–22, Estes Park, Colorado.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond A. Young
    • 1
  • Suminar Achmadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ForestryUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations