Thermochemical Routes to Chemicals, Fuels and Energy from Forestry and Agricultural Residues

  • Ed J. Soltes
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 67)


The thermochemical conversion of biomass materials refers to the application of heat resulting in chemical changes. It can be said that the various thermochemical conversion processes developed for biomass are part of a continuum. At one extreme, at relatively low temperatures and in the absence of oxygen, biomass materials are broken down into tars, chars and gases. At the other extreme, at elevated temperatures, and in the presence of at least a stoichiometric amount of oxygen, these primary tar, char and gaseous products are completely oxidized into fully oxidized gaseous products. Man has developed a number of thermochemical processes for biomass, processes not only employing conditions at the two extremes, but also employing conditions resulting in little, partial or near complete oxidation of the feed materials. The processes developed have application in the production of useful products from forestry and agricultural residues, and the purpose of this paper is to examine the potentials for thermochemical conversion of such residues in the generation of chemical, fuel and energy products.


Wood Residue Agricultural Residue Biomass Material Biomass Gasification Thermochemical Conversion 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ed J. Soltes
    • 1
  1. 1.Forest Science LaboratoryTexas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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